LANCE PATRICK C. ENAD, firstname.lastname@example.org
February 15, 2019
February 17 this year, in
the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite (Tridentine Latin Mass)
Septuagesima Sunday –seventy days before Easter. The two Sundays
after this would be Sexagesima Sunday (sixty), and Quinquagesima
Sunday (fifty). These three weeks are a prelude to lent –in Latin,
Quadragesima (forty). On that day, in the extraordinary form, the
Gloria and the Alleluia are omitted, and purple becomes the
Liturgical color. This season though is not yet lent but is a means
to prepare for lent.
In the Parable of the
sower, we see the seeds that are sown into the thorny bushes. They
grow yet the thorns choke them. As we know, the seeds are the word
of God and the thorns symbolize the world and all the things opposed
to our salvation and sanctification. In this we can see the purpose
of the Septuagesima: Lent is a very important season and that we
ought to prepare ourselves for it to make the most out of it.
On the feast of Epiphany
there is the tradition of announcing the movable feasts for the
year. In the announcement of the date for Ash Wednesday, the cantor
says “the beginning of the fast of the most sacred Lenten season.”
This shows how the church has regarded lent as a very important
An authority no less that
Dom Prosper Guerranger O.S.B., in his magnum opus, “the Liturgical
year” that the Church wants us to make the most out of lent, a
season of penance, that it may produce its work in our souls: “the
renovation of our spiritual life.”
distractions, the comforts, and the pleasures of the world render us
indisposed to enter into the season of penance. Perhaps, before we
know it, lent would arrive and it would catch us off guard. The
Church invites us, therefore, to prepare the soil for the sowing. We
ought to remove all that could impede or make difficult our
observance of lent.
Dom Propser Guerranger
O.S.B. tells us: “Now, the Feast of Easter must be prepared for by a
forty-days’ recollectedness and penance. Those forty-days are one of
the principal Seasons of the Liturgical Year, and one of the most
powerful means employed by the Church for exciting in the hearts of
her children the spirit of their Christian vocation. It is of the
utmost importance, that such a Season of penance should produce its
work in our souls – the renovation of the whole spiritual life. The
Church, therefore, has instituted a preparation for the holy time of
Lent. She gives us the three weeks of Septuagesima, during which she
withdraws us, as much as may be, from the noisy distractions of the
world, in order that our hearts may be the more readily impressed by
the solemn warning she is to give us, at the commencement of Lent,
by marking our foreheads with ashes.”
Although Septuagesima has
been abolished by the liturgical reforms. The values behind it,
however, remain valid. The devil, the flesh, and the world remain
opposed to our salvation and sanctification no matter how these are
almost no longer mentioned. We need to prepare ourselves to lent.
Lent should be the time for those who do not have a spiritual life
to live one, for those who have, to advance. We need to pay
attention to the affairs of our soul, to our spiritual life. These
would not be possible of we are distracted and choked by the thorns
of the devil, the flesh, the world, and all those opposed to our
sanctification. Let the remaining weeks be a time to prepare for
lent so that lent this year would be the best lent we ever had.
needed to understand global human rights situation
A Statement by the Asian
Human Rights Commission
January 23, 2019
After two world wars, the
first world elite realized the necessity of a global human rights
movement, and cooperated with each other to bring that about. The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a product of this
imagination and determination not to allow past rights violations to
recur. Subsequent UN conventions all followed from this imagination.
Unfortunately, today, that
imagination is no longer manifested in the first world. The
political elite in developed countries is now dominated by a narrow
perspective that does not consider the conditions of the third
world, where life is truly nasty, brutal and short. The first world
is willingly turning a blind eye to the massive loss of human rights
in the third world. Their attitude is almost cynical. This is most
clearly noticed in the bilateral ties first world countries have
with developing countries, all but ignoring human rights concerns.
It is also visible in current UN forums, including the Human Rights
Council. As Human Rights Watch noted in a statement earlier this
month, when states with poor human rights records were joining the
Council as members, “The Human Rights Council should not be a place
where violators come to seek shelter. It should be a profoundly
uncomfortable place for rights violators; a place where they know
they will be held to a higher standard and put under the spotlight
for their abuses. Membership has its consequences.”
There are several probable
reasons as to why the first world has become so indifferent to the
human rights violations in the third world. One reason may be the
end of the Cold War. When the Cold War prevailed, there was a fear
of a territorial shift in favour of Communist opponents. This threat
no longer exists, with the elite in the first world and former
Communist countries now sitting at the table together. The first
world is therefore willing not to make any fuss about the suffering
of the ordinary folk living in these countries.
The economic crises
affecting the first world could be another reason for its myopia.
With first world countries all preoccupied with their own problems,
and an increase in isolationist practices, there is little united
leadership toward human rights issues shown by the first world.
Aside from any other
reasons, it is necessary to note that there is something radically
wrong with the imagination and leadership regarding human rights in
the third world. It is ironic that while today the first world knows
more about the third world than ever before with the advancement in
world communication networks, this very knowledge that the world
possesses may be producing negative results. It seems as though the
more the problems of the third world become known, the more
pusillanimous and insular the first world becomes. Perhaps the
feeling is that it is not within our power or capacity to deal with
such horrendous violence and human rights abuse.
The result of this
attitude is that people in third world countries who are fighting to
improve their rights are today more isolated than ever before. As
governments of third world countries are fully aware that the first
world is turning a blind eye to the human rights violations in their
countries, they are emboldened to attack their poor and marginalized
communities. The present global impunity for human rights abuse
creates political leaders who violate the rights of their own people
without any fear or shame.
The few fine individuals
and intellectuals in the first world who are concerned with global
human rights situation are disoriented due to a lack of support in
their own countries. Critical discourse is therefore necessary
regarding the Human Rights struggles throughout the world. American
lawyer Gary Haugen has captured this situation marvellously in his
book, The Locust Effect. In spite of a few who are making strong
efforts, the general situation of the first world is that it does
not care about the global human rights situation anymore.
It is this that needs to
become the focus of discussion among those who care for the lives
and rights of everyone, in order to fire up new imagination on this
LANCE PATRICK ENAD,
January 18, 2019
In his book, “True
Devotion to Mary,” – which every serious catholic should read – St.
Louis de Montfort explains that True Devotion to our Lady is
interior, tender, holy, constant, and disinterested.
Perhaps, we who labor for
our salvation can use these characteristics for our benefit. It
seems that these characteristics can be used as a checklist for
devotion in general.
True devotion is holy.
First, this would mean that true devotion (to the Blessed Sacrament,
to the saints, etc.) would lead us to God. True devotion to Mary,
for example, would lead us to a deeper relationship with Jesus
Christ. Second, this would mean that true devotion would lead us to
abhor sin thereby loving God more. A person habitually in the state
of mortal sin, for example, who prays the rosary devoutly every day,
would one day either give up mortal sin or the rosary.
True devotion is interior.
This means that true devotion comes from the heart and does not
consist merely of reciting prayers and waving hands.
True devotion is constant.
This means that true devotion is not impulsive but is stable. A
person who has a devotion to our Lady, for example, ought to have a
fixed program for his devotional acts and should be faithful to
that. This could mean praying the rosary every day.
True devotion is
disinterested. This means that a true devotee does not have -or at
least is trying to do away- with self-serving motives but is
selfless in doing his devotions and is motivated by love.
True devotion is tender.
This means that true devotion entails childlike confidence. True
devotion to our Lady, for example, means childlike trust in our
Moreover, St. Louis de
Montfort continues to explain that True Devotion to Our Lady,
consists in the imitation of our Lady’s virtues. I suppose this
applies to all other devotions. Devotion to the Sto. Niño for
example, would consist in imitating the virtues of our Lord in his
childhood –meekness, humility, obedience to the Father, and all
those virtues a good meditation on the Childhood of Our Lord will
tell us. The Sto. Niño is also viewed as a symbol of the Christian
Faith in our country. Devotion to the Sto. Niño then would compel
the devotee to study the faith, to be firmer in their conviction to
live and die in the catholic faith.
Let the words of St. Louis
de Montfort be an examination of conscience for us. Are these
characteristics present in my devotion? Am I trying to imitate the
virtues of the Child Jesus? Do I study the my Faith? Do I read the
catechism? If by the end of your examination you find out that your
devotion fails to meet this, resolve to try hard –an harder if
needed- to meet this aided by the grace of God. By the end of your
life, having done these things, you would have been a better person
–that is, more identical to Jesus Christ-, a better catholic, a
virtuous person, and, by the graces God bestows upon you because of
your devotion, a person meriting a canonization.
PATRICK ENAD, email@example.com
January 15, 2019
Holy days, have always
been, at least on paper, sacred times. In these holy times, anything
that could be a distraction from the worship of God is to be avoided
–hence we abstain from work (although with exceptions) on Sundays so
that we can spend the day for God, with our families, and for rest.
We see in the catechisms
and in the preaching of many saints, especially St. John Mary
Vianney, the phrase “desecration of Sundays.” St. John Mary Vianney
often preached against it. Being the pastor of the village of Ars,
he lamented how people worked on Sundays and neglected to come to
Mass. On Sundays too, dances were held in the town –dances which
fostered immorality and other occasions of sin.
Obviously, Sundays and
holy days are days for our Lord. Holy days are especially set apart
for the worship of God, for doing good works, for the family.
Anything that would be an obstacle to those would be an abuse of
these sacred times. Any sinful act or vice on these days –parties,
or street parties, dances, etc. that endanger purity, that are
occasions of sin- would be a desecration of these sacred times.
It is rather lamentable to
think how Cebu City on the feast day of the Sto. Niño instead of
being filled with grace, becomes a cesspool of sin, vice, and
immorality. While we supposedly enthrone the Christ Child, the City
becomes a pit of sin –so many souls that are in the darkness of
mortal sin commit still more on this day and perhaps so many souls
on that day, lose the grace of God.
You, Christian Reader,
redeemed by Jesus Christ, would you tolerate how God is offended on
the time that should be for him? On birthdays, we always try to be
nice to the celebrant. On the day of the Lord, why is it that we
offend God all the more. It is like how those engaged in theNi
demonic mock God at 3am and how we remember the death of Our Lord at
3pm. God is offended, what is your reaction, Christian soul?
For this reason, it is
important to give some advice on how to celebrate the feast of the
Santo Niño well.
(1) Attend / assist in the
Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. It is Sunday, you are obliged to assist
in the Most Holy Sacrifice. Offer this mass for the salvation of
souls, for the conversion of sinners, especially for those who will
have the misfortune of committing a mortal sin on the feast of the
Sto. Niño. Offer this mass as a reparation for each time God is
(2) Pray the Rosary. This
is a powerful weapon for our times. The Rosary is a meditation on
the life of Our Lord. If you pray it every day, Sinulog would be a
great day to pray all the mysteries. If you don’t pray it every day,
it is high time to begin. Commend your soul and the souls of your
loved ones to our Lady so that you will always be kept in the grace
(3) Holy hour. So many
graces flow from an hour of prayer before the Blessed Sacrament.
Spend an hour before Jesus. Offer it in reparation for the sins
committed today and in homage to the Sto. Niño.
(4) Read the Bible. Read
the Gospels. How fruitful it is for us to read the life of our Lord!
While so many people do not think of God on that day –and so many
even offend him-, you reading the Bible make it one person less.
(5) Preparation. Prepare
yourself for the feast day of the Sto. Niño. Pray the Novena and
meditate on the Childhood of Our Lord.
Sinulog, before it is a
festival, before it is a time for culture, is a time for God, a
sacred time- we ought not to forget that.
statement that human rights groups are enemies of the state
A press statement by
KARAPATAN Alliance for the Advancement of People's Rights
January 10, 2019
Only tyrants and human
rights violators consider human rights defenders as enemies, to
justify their killing and other worse violations against them. It is
actually those in government who order, encourage and perpetuate
extrajudicial killings, illegal or arbitrary arrests, rape, torture,
and other grave violations, as well as those who engender impunity
and poverty and promote the sell-out of our country’s patrimony, who
are considered by the people as their enemies.
We reiterate - Duterte’s
sham drug war and its consequences cannot be justified by the
government’s inability to resolve criminality and its distorted and
unscientific analysis on the roots of the problem of the illegal
drug trade. As long as the government sees that the solution to
social woes is through its kill, kill, kill approach, as long it
does not nip corruption in government in the bud by being complicit
in the entry and proliferation of illegal drugs in the streets, as
long as it doesn’t solve the root causes of poverty, it will always
face criticism and opposition from the people.
Human rights defense is
not the sole purview of human rights groups. Every day, every hour,
several communities and individuals uphold and defend their
individual and collective rights. The people are defending our
rights. As long as Duterte continues to disregard these rights, he
will be made accountable by the people.
Hey, sex is
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
January 1, 2019
THAT’S right. Sex is
sacred. We should not play around with it. It is serious business,
infused with a very serious mission. We should not trivialize it.
Of course, it is easier
said than done. The naked truth is that given our wounded condition
and the current state of affairs, sex for mere pleasure exercises
such tantalizing influence on all of us that we find it hard to
resist its allurement.
Why, even highly respected
people including some cardinals, bishops and priests are accused of
some sexual shenanigans. Of course, these are just accusations and
allegations. We have to presume innocence of the accused until
proven guilty. But that such accusations are made can only tell how
problematic sex is to us.
Also, the other day, a
niece of mine who works in a hospital was distressed in telling me
that she had to handle a case of a 12-year-old girl giving birth.
It’s now common among teeners to have boyfriends and girlfriends. We
can only imagine the extent of this problem that is yet to be
We cannot exaggerate the
fact that nowadays, this problem regarding sex has become a real
scourge and a case of infestation. Pornography is rampant and easily
accessible. Sexual sins are not anymore confined in the mind and in
the intentions. They are deeds and it seems that they have become
the new normal. You meet at random a man in the street, and most
likely he is afflicted with some sexual aberration.
This is the reality on the
ground. Just the same, no matter how bad things look and actually
are, there is always hope. We just have to be realistic in carrying
out the duty of proclaiming the sacredness of human sexuality and of
helping people in developing and living the virtue of chastity.
In this regard, we should
try to explain with gift of tongue and in ways adapted to the
concrete conditions of the persons concerned, why sex is sacred. We
should avoid doing it in such an idealistic way that would scare or
turn off people rather than help them gradually not only to have a
correct understanding of the nature and purpose of sex, but also
start being serious in living a chaste life.
This is, of course, no
easy task. We need to be tough, persevering and constantly creative
in carrying it out. There are many fronts to face. On one hand, we
have to proclaim, to be positive, to highlight the beauty of sex
according to God’s plan and its benefits to us if lived in true love
On the other hand, we have
to teach people how to defend themselves against the temptations and
how to handle their weaknesses. We have to be adept in teaching them
the spiritual and supernatural means as well as the human means for
We need to remind everyone
that sex is part of our God-given nature and is entrusted with the
most delicate and intimate mission of cooperating with God in the
creation of another person. Trivializing it and misusing it is
actually an act of going against our nature. We dehumanize ourselves
by doing so. By misusing it we become more like dogs than human
The art of prayer and
self-discipline, interior struggle and spirit of mortification have
to be taught. Frequent confession and regular spiritual direction,
where brutal sincerity is a must, should be encouraged. All these
done in a friendly and confidential manner.
Last but not least is the
great help that a deep devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the
mother most chaste, can give us. The Marian devotion is a strong
shield against sexual temptations.
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
December 14, 2018
IT was nice to learn about
Blessed Bartolo Longo (1841-1926) who, as the Wikepedia puts it,
“was an Italian lawyer who has been beatified by the Roman Catholic
Church. He was a former satanist who returned to the Christian faith
and became a third order Dominican, dedicating his life to the
Rosary and the Virgin Mary.”
Other sources provided
some more information about him: he was orphaned early in life, he
was involved in the nationalist movement of the time that was
anti-Catholic, he became a Satanist in his 20’s, he went into the
occult, attended in séances, experimented on drugs, participated in
orgies... There’s a lot more, but let’s spare ourselves from more
But since all these did
not give him peace, but rather a lot of problems including
psychological and emotional ones, leading him to depression, he
sought some relief and eventually was led back to the Catholic
faith. Later, he became so deep a devotee of the Holy Rosary that
St. John Paul described him as a man of the Rosary during his
His story, for sure, will
elicit very reassuring responses from us who often wonder how we can
become a saint as we should when we are hounded always by our
weaknesses, temptations and sin itself. Sometimes, we think that to
become a saint is impossible and that stories of saints are more
fantasy and fiction than real. Or at best, saints are very special
people who never went into really bad things.
Somehow, his story reminds
us that God and his grace can take on anything we can mess ourselves
in. There is always hope. As St. Paul said, “where sin has abounded,
the grace of God has abounded more.” (Rom 5,20) His story calls to
mind that as said in the Book of Ezekiel, God does not take delight
in the death of the wicked but in his salvation. (33,11)
The writer Oscar Wilde
also put it so succinctly: “Every saint has a past, every sinner has
a future.” In other words, we really have no reason to fear and to
worry too much over our delicate condition here in this world.
But for all that, we
should also be careful not to fall into the opposite side, which is
presumption, or tempting God. That is to say, we can fall into the
trick of the devil who can suggest to us that since God is very
powerfully merciful and can forgive us our sins no matter how grave
they are, then we can just go on sinning, or exert no adequate
effort to avoid sin and temptation.
We have to be wary of the
wiles of the devil who is good in the rebound if at a certain moment
his initial attempts to tempt us fail. Tempting God by putting him
to some test, or by presuming that he will forgive us anyway no
matter what, is a grave sin and represents a big success for the
Remember the devil
tempting Christ himself. “The devil took him to the holy city and
had him stand on the highest point of the temple. ‘If you are the
Son of God,’ he said, ‘throw yourself down. For it is written: He
will command his angels concerning you, and they will life you up in
their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’
Jesus answered him, ‘It is also written: Do not put the Lord you God
to the test.’” (Mt 4,5-7)
This is what tempting God
is all about. When we are tempted by the devil, or by the world, or
by our own selves, let’s never put God to the test by rationalizing
that since God is all merciful, he will always forgive me if I fall
to this temptation, or that he will not mind if I sin.
A Statement of
Unity on the Respect, Protection and Fulfillment of Human Rights in
Human Rights Congress
06-07 December 2018
Leong Auditorium, Ateneo de Manila University
We, human rights advocates
from government and civil society organizations, coming from diverse
geographic locations, ethnicities, sectors, and ideological
positions, on the historic occasion of the 70th year of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, hereby unite these urgent
circumstances with the following points of solidarity:
1) We affirm and uphold
the fundamental human rights of every person, as enshrined in the
Philippine Constitution, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and
other human rights instruments as well as the role of the State in
protecting and fulfilling these rights as duty-bearers;
2) We recognize the
complexity and intersectionality of human rights with other basic
and cross-cutting issues such as poverty, gender, climate change,
peace, and migration;
3) We are alarmed at the
worsening human rights situation in the country, exemplified by the
thousands of lives lost and damaged in extra-judicial killings; the
extension of Martial Law in Mindanao; and the militarization of
Marawi City and the country sides;
4) We condemn and
continued undermining of the democratic institutions and instruments
that protect human rights, such as the Commission of Human Rights,
the justice system and media;
5) We denounce the
strengthening of a culture of impunity, especially among armed duty
6) We deplore the
glorification of violence against actors such as government critics,
women, and the church as a State discourse, and the silencing of
human rights defenders.
Thus, it is with one voice
that we call on the State to immediately and comprehensively act on
1) Focus its efforts on
addressing basic issues of poverty, inequality, and the people’s
lack of access to State services such as justice, education, health
and decent employment;
2) Ensure the
accountability of public officers and duty bearers, starting from
the highest echelons of the State, in upholding, respecting,
guarding, fulfilling and monitoring human rights in the country;
3) Protect the human
rights of all, especially of the most vulnerable, the invisible and
the marginalized such as the poor, the indigenous peoples, women,
and children, and their right to live in dignity and to nurture
their ancestral domains and resources;
4) Safeguard human rights
defender coming from government, civil society organizations,
educational institutions, faith-based groups, farmers, sectoral
leaders, artists, environmental activists, and journalists;
5) Defend and expand
democratic spaces and sites for discussion and dissent, instead of
6) Include multiple and
diverse voices and positionalities in governance, policymaking and
7) Empower local
communities as safe spaces for human rights to be enjoyed;
8) Dismantle the culture
of impunity among the police, military, and para-military and
vigilante groups, and enforce respect for the rule of law in
9) Strengthen, not weaken,
national and international instruments for the protection of human
10) Apply the full, speedy
and just force of the law in arresting, investigating, and charging
and convicting human rights violators;
11) Promote a just,
humane, and lasting peace in Mindanao that is based not on
institutional violence such as terrorist tagging, torture, and
illegal arrests but through the immediate lifting of Martial Law,
the resumption of peace talks; the full rehabilitation of Marawi
City; and grounded, comprehensive, participative, and
In turn, we recognize our
role as human right advocates, and hereby commit to:
1) Oppose the
legitimization of State violence and war against the poor,
exemplified by the sham “war on drugs”;
2 Fight the culture of
silence, fear and stigma that prevents the reporting and
documentation of human rights violations;
3) Harness the power of
governance and elections to institute genuine change, and challenge
political leaders to deliver a rights-based platform to their
4) Increased vigilance,
courage, unity of thought and action, openness to engage in
partnership with like-minded stakeholders, within and outside the
country, and including State actors, to advance human rights and
increase the ranks of human rights champions.
To these principles we
agree and commit ourselves on this 7th day of December 2018.
Human Rights Congress Participants
with dishonest wealth’
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
December 2, 2018
VERY intriguing words of
Christ, indeed! (cfr Lk 16,9) We need to go slow, keeping a good
grip on our reflex reaction, to know what Christ really meant by
them. Otherwise, we can easily misinterpret these divine words.
To be sure, Christ did not
say that we should generate our wealth in a dishonest way. “No
servant can serve two masters,” he said. “You cannot serve God and
mammon.” We should avoid dishonesty.
What Christ really wanted
to say was that since we cannot avoid dishonest wealth given our
wounded and sinful condition that often leads us to be dishonest, we
just have to make sure that we use that dishonest wealth properly
while trying to eliminate dishonesty wherever it is found.
In another part of the
gospel, he already warned his apostles, and us, about the naked
reality of our life in this world. “I am sending you out like sheep
among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as
doves.” (Mt 10,16) In short, we have to learn to deal with this
condition. We are not yet in Paradise.
Christ wants us to know
how to cope with this ugly condition of our life here on earth, and
even convert it into something that is good, purifying and
redeeming. What usually happens is that the so-called “good people,”
or those who want to follow Christ or who want to be holy, get so
idealistic that they would be at a loss as to how to deal with the
ugly reality of our earthly sojourn.
Thus, he made this
reproach: “The sons of this age are more shrewd in dealing with
their own kind than are the sons of light.” (Lk 16,8) These words
were spoken after Christ in a parable commended the shrewd manager
who made some arrangements after he was given notice of being fired.
Of course, using dishonest
wealth properly can be done in many ways. One could be that it has
to be returned to where that wealth rightfully comes from. If that
is not possible anymore for one reason or another, then it can be
used to atone or to make up for whatever damage the dishonest way of
acquiring may have caused.
Thus, in that episode of
Christ meeting the rich chief tax collector Zaccheus, Christ again
commended the rich man for what the tax collector did with those
whom he may have cheated. (cfr Lk 19,1-10)
“Lord, I give half of my
possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of
anything, I will pay back four times the amount,” said Zaccheus. And
Christ answered: “Today salvation has come to this house, because
this man, too, is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek
and to save the lost.” (Lk 19,8-10)
Or that dishonest wealth
can be used to do some good or to promote the common good of
society. In all of this, we should try our best to undo any
practice, system, structure, culture or lifestyle that generates
this dishonest wealth.
We have to be realistic in
dealing with the actual realities of our life. This does not mean
that we have to make compromises in our morality. In fact, given the
unavoidable unpleasant things in life, we have to be most clear and
sharp in distinguishing between what is good and evil, what is moral
Only in this way would we
know how to deal with dishonest and sinful practices in this life.
It would be good to review the principles to guide us regarding the
distinction between formal, that is, intentional cooperation in
evil, on one hand, and material cooperation, on the other hand. We
need to be experts in the latter, given the facts of life.
LANCE PATRICK C. ENAD**
November 29, 2018
In the battle of ideas
between so-called “conservative” and “liberal” Catholics, I am
inclined to think that most points of disagreement are questions on
emphasis and that the fundamental and mutually exclusive points of
disagreement are very few.
If some of you were born
and raised during or before the 60’s, you might notice that there is
a big difference in how priests behaved then and now. Many would
perhaps recall that they always ran around in the sotana and that
they were rather somehow austere. It would be rare to find a priest
today running around in the sotana or even the clerical shirt and
seem to behave like everyone else.
It is, I suppose,
providential that the sex abuse controversy in the U.S. exploded
during the year for the clergy and the consecrated life. This event
seemed to be cataclysmic enough to evoke reaction from the Church –
which I hope is one of troubleshooting and purging. This invites us
to review our theology of the priesthood.
In my conversations with a
local theologian with an international caliber, we spoke of the
theologies on the priesthood – sacerdos and presbyter, St. Alphonsus
de Ligouri, St. John Chrysostom, Vatican II. He mentioned how lofty
Chrysostom’s theology on the priesthood is – set-apart, sacred,
special- and how these ideas can be dangerous since they foster
clericalism. He also noted the shift on the theology on the
priesthood after Vatican 2.
He noted that there are
things that are not necessarily mutually exclusive and how some
seemingly disagreeing thoughts are matters of emphasis.
Here, I would like to note
that the theology of the priesthood before Vat. 2 has been widely
influenced by the thoughts of Chrysostom or similar to his. To my
liking, this school of thought seems to emphasize in the priestly
life a deep kind sanctity necessary for priests – which I believe,
take its roots from the Old Testament, from the demands of the
priestly life imposed on Aaron and his sons. Hence the 1917 canon
law powerfully insists that “Both the interior and exterior life of
clerics must be superior to the laity and excel them by the example
of virtue and good deeds.” “The rite of ordination before the
liturgical reforms then would also emphasize phrases like “imitate
what you handle (the sacred).” We can see here that this kind of the
theology of the priesthood somehow emphasizes this necessity of the
sanctification of the priests and that this kind of thought,
although with some disadvantages, disciplined priests back then,
gave them a solid spiritual and ascetical program.
It is not my intention to
discuss and convince you, dear reader, to adhere to the same
thoughts on the priesthood I am seem to prefer since I am still
praying and studying about that. Nor do I wish to present a
comparison and contrast between one school of thought and another.
What I do wish to tell you is that no matter which wing you wish to
side, provided that it has nothing against the Faith, there are
things which need to be emphasized if we wish to reform priestly
Prayer, Penance, a solid
ascetical life, etc. need to be emphasized. St. Pius X, the first
pope to be canonized since the council of Trent, after St. Pius V,
used to say that the two necessary qualities of a good priest are
outstanding holiness and solid doctrine – these need to be engraved
No matter if you want to
emphasize that the priest is a shepherd, or that a he must smell
like his sheep, or that a he is so special since only he can
transubstantiate, only he can act in the person of Christ – not
mutually exclusive- we need to emphasize the need for priests to be
holy, very holy. A priest preaching a retreat to us seminarians once
told us: “better a holy husband than a bad priest.” A nun giving a
talk to seminarians once said: “being just a priest and a holy
priest are two different things.”
For the six years of my
seminary life, to my despair, these things are not really
emphasized. To my despair, I hear seminarians openly and pleasurably
having impure conversations. To my frustration, I have heard that
some seminarians were living in mortal sin for months, that they had
no regard for the spiritual life. To my sadness, I hear of priests
keeping mistresses or boyfriends – hopefully false. Sadly, it seems
that some priests pray the office no more, do not do mental prayer,
and do not studying. Sanctity and Solid doctrine need to be
emphasized no matter which camp you are in.
If we want to avoid sex
abuse scandals and anything that may disfigure the Church, we have
to continually remind ourselves of these things.
Patrick Enad y Caballero is a seminarian in San Carlos Seminary
College, Archdiocese of Cebu, Philippines. Instaurare omnia in
Statement on the
9th year of the Ampatuan Massacre
November 23, 2018
Hustisya (Victims United
for Justice) joins the families of the victims of the Ampatuan
massacre, in the continuous call for justice nine years after one of
the worst massive attacks on journalists and civilians in our
Nine years of the pain and
suffering is immeasurable for all of us who seek justice. This is
doubled by the fact that however prominent this case may have been,
it has also become one of the stark realities of injustice and
impunity in this country – that, the powerful can simply take away
the lives of many, and it will always be easy for them to get away
We join you in remembering
the 57 civilians, 32 of whom were journalists. Let us together
recite and cry out their names. We refuse to accept they are mere
figures. They have names, their lives were gruesomely taken away
from them. They deserve justice.
As in the words of a
daughter, Reynafe Castillo, “Siyam na taon na ang nakaraan subalit
nananatiling buhay sa alaala ko ang karumaldumal na pangyayari sa
Ampatuan massacre. Mga bangkay na walang mukha dahil sabog ang bungo,
naaagnas at nangangamoy, iyong amoy na dikit sa buong katawan mo
(Nine years have passed but the gruesome Ampatuan massacre remains
alive in my memory. Bodies without faces because their skulls were
crushed, decomposing and, the kind of smell that sticks to your
We remember the continued
disappearance of Reynaldo Momay, Reynafe’s father, the 58th victim
of the Ampatuan massacre, whose body has yet to be found after the
“I remember myself opening
the cadavers one by one, looking intensely as I look for my father.
My husband and son were with me along with our relatives. Fear was
out of sight at that moment. All I know, I want to find him and give
him decent burial and to have closure,” recalled Reynafe, lamented
Such is the same sentiment
of the thousands of victims of extrajudicial killing under the
Macapagal-Arroyo regime, only to be insulted and mocked by the
comeback of then wheelchair-riding and now catwalking former
president and current House speaker Arroyo. The Ampatuans, a known
ally of Arroyo, remain a powerful warlord family in Maguindanao and
in Mindanao. Zaldy Ampatuan enjoys favorable conditions even while
Both the hands of the
perpetrators – the Ampatuan’s private armies and state forces which
were enabled and allowed by the government to act as protectors of
landlords and warlords – and that of the Ampatuans and Arroyo are
both filled with blood of the victims of the carnage.
We are in solidarity to
the families of the victims of the Ampatuan massacre. Nine years
after, the killings continue, more brazen and brutal. The more
recent victims of killings, from the Noynoy Aquino regime to the
Duterte regime – activists, farmers, indigenous people, victims of
the drug war, civilians and rights defenders – now join you as you
cry for justice.
It is true, that families
of victims sound like broken records as we gather, cry for justice
and remember our loved ones every year. But we will not simply let
go of this plight as long as the killings continue. We shall
continue to do so, knowing this is how many will hear their plight,
and to speed up the attainment of justice. One day, justice will be
on the side of the victims.
Ipagpatuloy ang laban para
sa katarungan sa mga biktima ng Ampatuan Massacre.
The diabolic in
the Chilling Adventures of Sabrina
LANCE PATRICK C. ENAD*
November 15, 2018
Coming home from the
seminary for a short break allotted for the Solemnity of all Saints
and the Commemoration of the Faithful Departed, I was surprised to
see a very popular series in Netflix – the Chilling Adventures of
Sabrina. The advertisements were everywhere and I found the trailer
Like most movies nowadays,
it came advocating for transgenderism, it was somehow sexualized, it
appeared to normalize sinful behaviors like adultery, it somehow
made courtship without heading towards marriage a normal thing, and
most of the filth you find in films nowadays. Setting that aside, as
though this moral decline is an inevitable reality we have to face
-as though-, the series overall was charming. There are however,
some concerns that must be noted because of its clear relationship
with the diabolic.
No doubt, the series was
influenced by Satanism –this is quite clear in the blasphemous
lines, in the scenes when almighty God is mocked, in the scenes
where Holy Mother Church is mocked. Nevertheless, I feel that these
things I will mention are things serious Catholics –all should be-
1. Demons are lauded when
their names are mentioned. Outside the context of exorcism, one
should be cautious with mentioning demonic names. It would be
interesting here to note that most horror movies mentioning demonic
names are actually real demonic names. According several notable
exorcists (Fr. Chad Ripperger being one of them), demons are exalted
whenever their names are mentioned.
One of the exorcists of
the diocese I’m from would even go as far as never using the names
of the demons even if revealed when exorcising since he still
believes it gives them some sort of honor even in the context of
exorcism. In the series, there was a liberal and almost natural
mentioning of demonic names –“for the love of Lucifer,” “praised be
Satan,” etc. This somehow inclines me to think that this series’
involvement with the diabolic and satanism is not merely for the
purposes of making this series but may even run deeper -to an
2. Demons are afraid of
the Most Holy Name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Despite the countless
casual mentioning of demonic names in the series, never was there a
mention of the name Jesus Christ or the Blessed Virgin Mary. There
are statements who clearly allude to the God of the Bible –“the
false God”-, or to Holy Mother Church –“the false Church”- but they
would never dare to mention the Holy name of Jesus. This made me
consider many things concerning the series and the diabolic.
For one who comes from the
Archdiocese of the Most Holy Name of Jesus (Cebu), I am particularly
happy. It is an honor to be under his banner. This also brought to
mind some particular benefits of the devotion to the Holy name of
Jesus. It was said that a recitation of the Jesus Prayer is already
enough to burn demons –Blessed be His Holy Name!
3. Nudity. There are
considerably sexualized scenes in the series portraying immoral
sexual behavior or plain nudity. This brought to mind a talk given
by Ven. Fulton Sheen concerning the Diabolic. In it, he mentioned
that one of the signs of the diabolic is the love of nudity. It is
particularly interesting that he mentioned that a friend of his who
was a hospital chaplain witnessed some mentally ill and possibly
possessed people stripping themselves when he comes with the Blessed
Sacrament. He also recounted the story of our Lord expelling demons
from a man in the Gerasene territory. This should make us consider
that perhaps we are truly dealing with the diabolic here.
4. Absence of Love. The
relationship between the followers of the “Church of Night” and the
“Dark Lord” is by no means a relationship of love- it is slavery. It
always seemed to be more of a business deal rather than a covenant
of love. It is only in our Lord Jesus Christ that we can have a
relationship of love –a love affair- with God – a loving (Agape/
Caritas) relationship with Love himself- Jesus Christ. This brings
to mind very powerful words of Reinhald Schneider, addressed to the
Father, mentioned by Pope Benedict XVI in his book ‘Jesus of
Nazareth’: “Evil lives in a thousand forms; it occupies the
pinnacles of power… it bubbles up from the abyss. Love has only one
form –your Son.”
In light of all this, what
ought we to do? Perhaps we could begin by reverent mentioning, by
means of ejaculatory prayers, the Holy name of Jesus as we go about
our occupations. One prayer I would recommend would be the Jesus
prayer although the name of Jesus is itself a prayer already.
We could also begin to
form a habit, a virtue that compels us to make acts of reparation
whenever our Blessed Lord is offended or when the Devil is lauded.
We should remove from us all occasions of sin especially sins of the
flesh –which according to Our Lady of Fatima is the most successful
means the devil uses to bring souls to hell, to remove us from the
love of God and to enslave us.
I don’t believe I am in
the position to tell Catholics not to watch the series. What I will
say is that there are some serious things –diabolic- involved here.
This should be enough to warn us to be cautious with anything
related to the devil and this should hopefully encourage us to
deepen our love for our beloved Jesus.
Patrick Enad y Caballero is a seminarian in San Carlos Seminary
College, Archdiocese of Cebu, Philippines. Instaurare omnia in
Sensing the Sacred
November 7, 2018
It has been rather alarming that in recent years, if I'm not
mistaken, there seems to be unhealthy practices connected to the
solemnity of all Saints and the Commemoration of the Faithful
I have noticed, at least in the cemetery my relatives rest, that
there are some families who have been accustomed to stay in their
family mausoleums all throughout the day – some would even go as far
as spending a night or two in there. That does not seem to be a
problem. The problem comes when those two holy days and those holy
places we call cemeteries are used for social activities – when
mausoleums become places for picnics, for idle talk and gossip, for
boisterous laughter, and for some, used for drunkenness -"tagay."
To some, these activities seem commonplace and not at all
disturbing. It is, however, important to remember two important
phrases: Sacred Time and Sacred Place.
Sacred time. It is rather important to insist that the Solemnity of
All Saints and the Commemoration of the Faithful Departed are times
of prayer, times to offer suffrages for the souls in purgatory.
Turning these times into times of social gatherings, picnics,
boisterous laughter, levity, and drunkenness does not help in
creating an atmosphere of prayer. I believe the saints who want us
to join them and the souls in purgatory who want us to pray for them
are pleased to find us acquiring virtues of silence, fasting, and
temperance during these times and I’m sure they would be
disappointed to find us wallowing in vice and all sorts of things
that do not contribute to the spiritual life. These times are also
times to sober up and meditate on death and realign our lives to the
path of salvation if we find ourselves in the path of perdition or
to persevere in the way of perfection if we find ourselves in this
Sacred Place. In the rites of the Church, there is a distinction
between a mere blessing and a consecration. Houses are blessed;
churches are consecrated. Rosaries are blessed; Chalices are
consecrated. One of the places that is so important it deserves a
consecration is a cemetery. They are not sanctified by just any
priest but always by a bishop or his delegate. The Church has high
regard for the place where the bodies of the faithful departed rest
as they await the resurrection on the last day. Knowing this should
bring to mind the sacredness of cemeteries. These are not just yards
where we can have a barbecue, where we can set up an inflatable
pool, where we can gossip and talk idly, or where we can have a
drinking session that would probably end with each one getting a
hangover or vomiting all over the place. We do not do profane things
in holy ground. We do not do picnics in holy ground. We do not do
social gatherings, get-togethers, or parties on holy ground. Keep
sacred places holy.
True enough, family, the meeting of relatives who are far away from
each other for the rest of the year is important. Drinking too plays
a significant role in our culture as much as picnics, get-togethers,
and family reunions do. This, however, is a matter of ordering our
values. Do we consider picnics, excursions, get-togethers, reunions
more important than God? Do we consider these more important than
the very reason we celebrate all saints and remember the dead? As
far as I’m concerned God, the sacredness of times and places are of
greater value, of greater importance compared to our get-togethers,
picnics, et cetera – these are no doubt important for us Filipinos
but should not be more important than the observance of sacred times
and places. Our time for bonding and socializing should not dim the
primacy and centrality of God.
*Lance Patrick Enad y Caballero is a seminarian in San Carlos
Seminary College, Archdiocese of Cebu. Instaurare Omnia in Christo!
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
October 9, 2018
ESPECIALLY in our public
discourses regarding ticklish issues, we need to see to it that we
are most aware of a persona-non-grata that is called pride. We
should keep it at bay, exerting appropriate effort to resist its
many strong impulses and urges.
Pride always spoils
dialogue. It feeds on our self-interest to the point of making us
deaf and blind to the points, let alone, the valid points, of the
others. It usually sources its strength more from feelings than from
reason, more from our own estimation of things than from faith that
gives us the full picture of things and leads us to the common good.
Besides, pride usually has
bad manners and employs bad language. It always tries to dominate
the conversation, using bullying tactics. It is more interested in
scoring more points than in earnestly looking for what is true and
fair. Its logic clearly follows the path of selfishness. Charity is
a complete stranger in pride. Suffering and humiliations play no
positive role in pride.
When one, for example, is
accused falsely of something, pride would lead him to react very
badly, and even violently. He cannot stand being misjudged and
mistreated. His pride-stained sense of justice would immediately
give a knee-jerk response along the lines of the tooth-for-a-tooth
law of the wild.
Pride leads one to see
things superficially. There is no depth in its considerations. It
gets entangled in the externals and in the appearances. Besides, it
usually assumes a rigid attitude, unable to be flexible and to adapt
to different circumstances. It makes a person one-track-minded. A
proud person is always closed-minded.
Let’s remember what Christ
said about new wine in new wineskins. It is a lesson about the need
to adapt to different situations without forgetting that we have to
put wine into wineskins, that is, without losing focus on what is
essential and of absolute value. (cfr Lk 5,33-39) There are things
that need to change and things that have to remain unchanged. These
days there is a need to know which is which.
Pride is notorious for its
highly divisive effects. When pride dominates the discussion, it is
possible that both parties can also be both wrong, missing the real
point. They can dirty and destroy each other with no constructive
result in the end.
We have to be extremely
conscious of the workings of pride in us, because it is so embedded
in our systems that we often would not know we are being victimized
by it. A saint once said that pride is so strongly incorporated in
our life that it would only disappear twenty four hours after our
The antidote to pride is,
of course, the virtue of humility. In the context of our
discussions, humility is lived when one is strongly motivated to
find truth under God’s guidance. The search for what is true and
fair in our discourses cannot and should not simply be guided by our
own research and reasoning.
Allowing God to guide us,
always asking for the light of the Holy Spirit, will help us to find
truth and fairness in charity. With God, we would know how to react
to any situation in the course of our dialogues, whether things go
well or not. We would follow closely the example of Christ who is
“the way, the truth and the life.”
With Christ, our motives
will always be pure, and our ways prudent. With Christ, we would
know how to react properly to anything in the course of our
exchanges. We would be willing to suffer, and even to die, for the
truth. The negative things that we can experience in our dialogues
would not dampen our spirit, nor the positive things spoil us.
This kind of humility
should be earnestly pursued and developed to prevent pride from
spoiling our discussions of any issue.
PCID calls for
probe on deaths of 7 youths in Patikul
A statement by Philippine
Center for Islam and Democracy
September 19, 2018
The Philippine Center for
Islam and Democracy, a Muslim think tank based in the University of
the Philippines, is urging the Commission on Human Rights, the
Secretary of National Defense, and the Armed Forces Chief of Staff
to form a committee that would look into the deaths of seven young
men in Sulu and recent bombings in several parts of Mindanao.
PCID is also calling for
President Rodrigo Roa Duterte to review the current implementation
of Martial law in Mindanao and investigate reported human rights
violations not just in Sulu but in other parts of Mindanao.
Rasul says government and
stakeholders should act proactively now and establish a national
plan that addresses violent extremism, bearing in mind potential
problems with the implementation of martial law.
Information indicate that
ISIS intends to form a big group composed of remnants of the Maute
Group and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), a
break-away group of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) while
taking advantage of situations like the Sulu killings.
PCID is proposing a
gathering of stakeholders with the AFP-SND, to create a plan that
aims to further improve coordination and relationships of assigned
troops in the region and those from the religious and the
Findings show that most
deaths in Mindanao are caused by several factors, among them, the
absence of coordination by the military with community leaders,
miscommunication or lack of information from AFP units operating in
Last Saturday, the AFP
reported the deaths of seven young men in Sulu. Based on reports,
the AFP tagged these teenagers as “terrorists” which run counter
with testimonies of members of the community. Information gathered
show that the youngsters were evacuees from a community in Patikul
who fled the area due to intense military operation against the Abu
Sayyaf Group (ASG).
The priest as
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
September 16, 2018
WE have to understand well
the role of a mediator. He is like a bridge that connects two ends.
A perfect mediator is one where he is both in the one end as in the
other. He just cannot be in one end but not in the other, though he
may orient or dispose himself to the other without reaching it.
Christ is a mediator
between God and man. In fact, he is the sole perfect mediator
because he is both God and man. St. Paul testified to this truth of
our faith. He said, “There is one God and one mediator between God
and men, the man Christ Jesus…” (1 Tim 2,5)
Christ is the perfect
mediator because he is not only God but is also man. And he is not
only man, but also God. As the Athanasian Creed would put it, Christ
is “perfect God and perfect man.” He is not half God and half man.
The two natures, divine and human, are together in him inseparably
without diluting each other. He is not a ‘mestizo.’
This truth of our faith
is, of course, a mystery. We cannot fully understand it. But we
believe it because Christ said so and this is what the Church now
teaches. “I and the Father are one,” Christ said at one time,
pointing to his divinity. (Jn 10,30)
As to his humanity, St.
Paul said these relevant words: “When the time had fully come, God
sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those
under the law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.” (Gal
4,4-5) Only a man could be “born under the law.”
This little explanation
about the mediator is important and relevant because we, as human
persons, patterned after Christ, have to learn the ways of a
mediator. Of course, of all men and women, the priests are
especially meant to be mediators, because they are at the forefront
of the task of reconciling men with God.
With the sacrament of Holy
Orders, they are configured to Christ, head of the Church, and
participate in Christ’s task of mediation in a very intimate way.
That is why priests, of all men and women, have to be particularly
adept in this art of mediation.
While they are already
sacramentally configured to Christ as head of the Church, they have
the special, albeit very demanding, duty of truly assuming the mind
and heart of Christ. If everyone is meant to be “another Christ,”
the priests have to be particularly so. They have to lead the way.
This can mean many things.
Their mind and heart should be both on heaven even as they are on
earth. They should exude the fragrance of heaven even as they can
also have the odor of earth, just like what Pope Francis said about
priests as shepherds – they have to have the smell of the sheep
which they tend.
Like Christ, they have to
identify closely both with God and with men. Like Christ, they have
to pray constantly so as to be always in touch with God whose will
and ways they have to follow.
Let’s remember that Christ
said: “I have come down from heaven, not to do my will, but to do
the will of him who sent me.” (Jn 6,38)
Like Christ, priests have
to mix well with the people, adapting themselves to them all the way
to assuming their sins without committing sin. In this regard, St.
Paul said: “God made him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so
that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” (2 Cor 5,21)
Just imagine what
practical considerations can be made from this ideal of priests as
mediators like Christ!
A reminder on
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA, firstname.lastname@example.org
September 5, 2018
BEFORE we get carried away
by the dynamics of our present life, it is good to remind ourselves
that whatever we do or whatever situation we may find ourselves in
any given moment, we are meant for communion with God and with one
another and that we should keep and foster it, and not just tolerate
or suffer it.
Always living in communion
with God and with everybody else is not an option that we are free
to choose or not. It is a necessity for us, although a necessity
that has to be pursued in true freedom. We should live it not
because we are told to live it, but because we just want to live it
(“me da la gana,” in Spanish) and because we are convinced it is
what is essential in our life.
While we will always have
some differences in our life and contend with all kinds of variety
and diversity, we have to remember that all these are not meant to
undermine our communion, but rather to foster it.
differences and conflicts are not meant to be divisive, but rather
to be instrumental in enriching our life as a communion. We just
have to find a way to live and develop that communion amid and even
through these differences and conflicts.
These differences and
conflicts are rich opportunities to mature and purify our love and
care for one another. They can occasion to develop in us the love
that is a reflection and participation of the love that God has for
Obviously, the basis,
source, power and end of communion is God who has also given us all
the means for this communion to be achieved. With God, who reveals
himself in full to us in Christ who in turn is made present in the
world today in the Holy Spirit, we would know how to enter into
communion with everyone including those who for one reason or
another we may consider to be our enemies.
It is only through Christ
that we can manage to love even our enemies. This is the dynamics of
communion. It is to know and to love God and everybody else. It is
to love one another the way Christ has loved us. For this purpose,
like Christ we should be willing to suffer and die in obedience to
God’s will. We have to be ready for suffering which will be
unavoidable in our life.
We have to be wary of our
tendency to react to some issues based on instincts alone, or on our
physical, emotional, psychological, cultural condition alone. We
have to find a way of reacting to things on the basis of our faith
which tells us that whatever we do, we should uphold the ideal of
being in communion with God and with everybody else.
In this regard, it would
be good if we spend some time processing this truth in our prayer,
in our intimate conversation with God from whom we can always ask
for the necessary grace and with whom we can start making the
appropriate strategies to attain the desired ideal.
Indeed, we have to go
through a process of persistent practice until the necessary
attitude and skills are acquired. All the effort needed, to be sure,
will always be worthwhile. In the end, we can see and judge things
better, and make fair decisions that will uphold our need for
communion despite our differences.
We have to remind
ourselves about the need for communion especially nowadays when we
are riven by all sorts of conflicts because of our differences in
political views, ideology and other preferences.
leave OK is PH investment for robust future Filipino workers
ALU Statement on passage
of 100-day Expanded Maternity Leave bill
September 4, 2018
Workers group Associated
Labor Unions-Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (ALU-TUCP)
commends lawmakers for passing today Sept. 4, from third reading a
bill that expands the paid maternity leave from the current 60 and
78 days to 100 days for women workers in private and public sectors
and those working in informal economy regardless of civil status and
legitimacy of child.
ALU-TUCP Vice President
and Women' Committee head Eva Arcos said the passage of the House
Bill 4113 or Expanded Maternity Leave (EML) is a sweet victory for
Filipino women workers who have lobbied and belabored for the
mandatory welfare for more than a decade.
The bill will be
integrated in the bicameral committee meeting with Senate Bill 1305
or the 120-day Expanded Maternity Leave bill sponsored by Sen. Risa
Hontiveros which was passed the Senate third reading on March this
Arcos said the Expanded
Maternity Leave measure is the country's non-cash investment in
producing a healthy, intelligent and well-developed future breed of
Filipino workers without losing the wages and benefits of nursing
moms during maternity period and without sacrificing their health
and well-being, Arcos said.
TUCP Party-list rep.
Raymond Mendoza said the bill gives mothers a minimum of 100 days to
recover from giving birth and at the same time gives time to mother
and child bonding, care and nurture that the child needs to become
fully developed human being.
Arcos said the passage was
made possible after congressmen agreed to limit the maternity leave
benefits to four pregnancies instead of the bill’s initial provision
that the maternity leave benefits afforded to every pregnancy.
of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances: Powerlessness before
A Statement by the Asian
Human Rights Commission
August 30, 2018
Today, the world
commemorates the International Day of the Victims of Enforced
Disappearances. Enforced Disappearances is one of the recurring
tragedies that is happening throughout the world. Many countries,
particularly less-developed countries, now adopt enforced
disappearances as the easiest way of dealing with problems that
Governments find difficult to cope with. The twin evils of enforced
disappearances and extra-judicial killings remain as the two major
problems in several Asian countries.
Bangladesh has recorded
several hundreds of enforced disappearances of political opponents
of the present Ruling Party within the last few months. The matter
has been well publicized. But there have not been any serious
interventions in order to bring an end to this iniquity. Other
countries such as Pakistan, several parts of India, Sri Lanka and
the Philippines are among the countries which are prominent in the
practice of enforced disappearances.
The complexity of dealing
with enforced disappearances is due to the many sections that are
involved in causing enforced disappearances. On the one hand, the
orders for clearance of the policy of resorting to enforced
disappearances involve the topmost layers of governments. Carrying
out its resort goes to the military, police and also para-military
sections. The moment a Policy of Disappearances is approved by a
Government, there begins to develop a secret state within the state.
With Government sanction, the open state comes to a standstill and
the secret state begins to operate.
Entire legal procedures
regarding arrest and detention are virtually suspended. Allowance is
made for secret arrests and secret detentions as well as secret
torture chambers. Basic functions within the State relating to the
judging of guilt and punishment comes to a halt. Judges totally lose
their role in dealing with matters of arrests, detentions, and fair
trial. The place of the Judges is taken over by ordinary Police
Officers, the military and even para-military. Secret decisions are
made about the LIFE of a person, and these decisions are IMMEDIATELY
claim that there will be inquiries into the matter and the guilty
will be prosecuted, this hardly ever happens. It is due to the
complexity of the operations and the many powerful persons who are
associated with these operations. A simple argument that develops at
this point is: the Government has authorized and even ordered us to
carry out such operations. How can they now demand that we should be
punished for carrying out such orders?
prevalent today has also failed to address this important issue.
Somehow a matter of such great importance goes virtually unnoticed.
Any amount of jurisprudential thought on these issues, and
international policy development in dealing with Governments which
are engaged or have been engaging in disappearances, IS NOT VISIBLE
As another year goes by,
there will be many additional victims of Enforced Disappearances.
Will there be an attempt, at both local and international levels, to
put up severe resistance to end this practice? This includes the
restoration of the other factors of: a fair trial and the role of
Judges in this equation. This remains as one of the major issues
that concern Human Rights in our world today. When the lives of so
many people are so blatantly destroyed, how can Human Rights be
spoken of with any kind of significance and importance?
THIS IS THE QUESTION THAT
PEOPLE ARE ASKING.
The fate of Victims of
Enforced Disappearances is one of the urgent concerns voiced today.
Victims should be given more protection. Victims should and need to
be heard by all sectors of society. A genuine response to their
cries for help is what is needed NOW.
honor our parents
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
August 23, 2018
LET’S never forget the
fourth commandment. In fact, with the current temper of the times,
we have to reintensify our observance of this commandment that seems
to be taken for granted nowadays for a number of reasons.
For one, there seems to be
a generalized weakening of family life in the world today. More
parents are getting alienated from their children and vice-versa due
to some developments whose impact on family life is not well
There are some laws that
actually undermine family life, such as the law on abortion, etc.
And there are now many aspects of our social and professional life
that contribute to this weakening of family life.
We have to remind everyone
that the honor, respect, obedience we owe to our parents is due
first of all by the fact that they are our first connection with
God. It was through them that God put us into existence.
We have to remember that
we all come from God, and not only from our parents. When we see our
parents, we have to learn to see God immediately behind them. They
are the first representative of God to us.
Yes, they all have their share of weaknesses, mistakes and sins,
some of them grave, but all these do not and cannot detract from the
fact that they are our procreators who cooperated with the Creator
in bringing us to life.
They may even beget
children through the commission of a crime, like rape. But that
again does not take away the truth that they have been an instrument
of God in putting a person into existence.
A child is not only a
biological being. He has a spiritual soul even while he is still at
the first stage of fertilization and gestation. That is why a
fertilized human egg is not just a matter of cells. He is already a
person with a human spiritual soul.
Parents, of course, should
try their best to realize deeply the dignity and the serious
responsibility they have. They should not play around with their
status as parents.
But as far as the children
are concerned, they are duty-bound to honor and love their parents.
St. Paul already spoke clearly about this duty: “Children, obey your
parents because you belong to the Lord, for this is the right thing
to do.” (Eph 6,1) And, “Children, obey your parents in all things,
for this is well pleasing unto the Lord.” (Col 3,20)
Children should try their
best to make their parents happy all the time. They should avoid as
much as possible to give them problems, especially the unnecessary
ones. They should be quick to lend a hand in the house chores. They
should prepare themselves for the time when they will have to take
care of their parents in their old age.
Inculcating this duty in
the mind and heart of the children is crucial because this is the
first step that everyone learns how to obey other legitimate
authorities. Let’s remember that we as social beings, let alone
political ones also, always have to be subject to some authority,
and it is important that we know how to be subject to authority.
Everyone should be
reminded that any legitimate authority we have in this life is
always a participation in the authority of God. Consider the
following words of St. Paul:
“Everyone must submit to
governing authorities. For all authority comes from God and those in
positions of authority have been placed there by God. So anyone who
rebels against authority is rebelling against what God has
instituted, and they will be punished…” (Rom 13,1-2)
So, it’s clear that the
commandment of honoring our parents, our first authority on earth,
paves the way to our proper submission to the other authorities in
On the return of the
joint statement by Linganay ng Kalayaan, Kilos na Para sa Makabayang
Edukasyon, and Alliance of Concerned Teachers
August 13, 2018
The Linganay ng Kalayaan
(Bells of Freedom), Kilos na Para sa Makabayang Edukasyon and
Alliance of Concerned Teachers-Philippines welcome the news of the
impending return of the bells of Balangiga as a positive step
towards correcting the centuries-old historical injustice committed
by the United States against the Filipino people. This is a victory
achieved by the Filipino people that should be considered as part of
the long and arduous campaign in the assertion of Philippine
sovereignty and independence.
The Balangiga bells form
part of the large number of war booties that the American occupation
troops stashed away from the Philippines in the long and bloody
Filipino-American War of 1898-1913.
The war resulted in the
deaths of hundreds of thousands of Filipinos, the large-scale
burning of villages and the pillaging of communities by American
troops that annexed the archipelago and robbed them of the fruits of
freedom that they already had after the Philippine Revolution
In the pretext of
“Benevolent Assimilation,” the American occupation transformed the
islands into their Asian outpost as part of their colonial design to
create an American Lake in the Pacific region. This they did by
creating a submissive colonial bureaucracy and political system,
institutionalizing a Western-type of American educational system,
and ensuring the continuous economic, political, and military
dependence of the Philippines to the United States even after the
granting of 'independence'.
In the half century of
colonial occupation and in the ensuing long campaign to suppress
Filipino resistance against American imperialism, the military
campaigns of the United States in the archipelago provided the
perfect opportunity for the systematic, organized, and institutional
plunder and pillaging of Filipino cultural and historical artifacts
and objects that were brought to the United States. A great number
of them are now deposited in museums, historical collections,
archives, and government and military installations scattered in
various American territories.
The Balangiga bells was
the most notable of these artifacts that was symbolic of the
tradition of collecting colonial war booty American aggression.
These should be returned to the Filipino communities that
legitimately owned them. The collection of war booties should also
be viewed as part of the historical injustice committed by the
occupation troops and should be acknowledged as such.
The United States should
complete the correction of historical injustice committed against
the Filipino people after the return of the bells, by ensuring that
all the other war booties be properly returned to the Philippines.
Most importantly, historical injustice resulting from the war crimes
committed by the United States in the colonial occupation of the
Philippines must finally be acknowledged by the American government
by way of formally apologizing to the Filipino people.
committed by American colonial institutions continues to this day by
way of the Visiting Forces Agreement, the Enhanced Defense
Cooperation Agreement, and the Mutual Defense Treaty that ensures
the persistence of colonial ties between the two countries. These
provide yet another series of institutional mechanisms that make
available the conditions for the continuation of plunder and pillage
of local communities by foreign military troops. The lessons of
history must provide the Filipino people the right path of asserting
Filipino independence and sovereignty the way the people's
resistance in Balangiga heroically showed us. Never again should
another series of colonial wars of aggression be experienced in the
Return the Balangiga Bells
and all the War Booties Now!
Historical Justice for the
No to Another series of US
Wars of Aggression!
August 8, 2018
NOW that Pope Francis has
made it a Church doctrine that the death penalty is inadmissible, we
have to review the basis for the true value of human life.
We cannot exaggerate the
value of human life, since it is a life meant to have an eternal
relation with God, its creator. Even if that life is deformed
physically and morally, God will always love it and will do
everything to save it. That is why abortion and euthanasia or mercy
killing are wrong. They go against the fifth commandment: Thou shalt
And capital punishment,
while approved or at least tolerated in the past, is also wrong,
because no matter how bad or criminal a person is, his life can
still be saved by the infinite mercy of God. From the Book of
Ezekiel, we read: “As I live, said the Lord God, I have no pleasure
in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way
and live.” (33,11)
The reason behind its
approval or tolerance in the past is the protection of the common
good. But this reason does not hold water anymore since there are
many other ways the common good can be protected today without
resorting to the death penalty.
Besides, given the many
imperfections of our legal systems, we cannot risk the loss of life
just because of a guilty sentence of the judicial process. The
abolition of the death penalty would, of course, challenge us to be
more determined in reforming the offender. This may be the area
where many of us are still hesitant to tackle.
Human life is, of course,
not just any other life here in the world. Plants and animals also
have life but they do not have a spiritual soul as their principle
of life. Theirs is a soul that is simply a product of a combination
of earthly elements that would enable them to grow, move, act in
some manner. But it is a soul that disappears with their death.
Human life has a spiritual
soul as its principle, and as such, it can survive death. It is
immortal and is, in fact, meant for eternal life. It is a soul that
comes directly from God and is forever in a relation with God. It is
not a soul that is transmitted by human reproduction.
In some passages of the
Bible, there is a reference to a distinction between soul and
spirit. This is mentioned for example in 1 Thessalonians 5,23: “May
your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming
of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
My take in this
distinction between the spirit and the soul is that the spirit
refers to our spiritual soul that needs to be nourished by its union
with God, while the soul refers to those aspects of our soul that
are akin to the soul of the plants and the animals with whom we also
To be sure, we only have
one soul, and it is spiritual, though that soul may be affected and
conditioned by the similarities it shares with the plant and animal
soul. It is this spiritual soul of ours that makes for the basis of
the real value of human life.
Having said that, we can
also say that out of love for God and for all men, human life can be
sacrificed as what happens in the cases of martyrdom and in the
crucifixion of Christ himself. As Christ said, this is the greatest
proof of love. “Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s
life for one’s friends.” (Jn 15,13)
In fact, we have to look
forward to our own death and somehow give our life up little by
little by denying ourselves and carrying the cross to follow Christ
Stop the attacks
A press statement by the
Promotion of Church People's Response
June 29, 2018
The Promotion of Church
People’s Response (PCPR) raises utmost concern and registers our
strong criticism of the Duterte administration’s harsh and
inhospitable treatment of United Methodist Church (UMC) foreign
As President Duterte
attacks God and disrespects the religious persuasions of the people,
foreign missionaries are being maligned under his leadership. The
three missionaries from UMC came to the Philippines in response to a
calling of God to missionary service with the people. They have
immersed themselves with the ordinary people, learning and working
with them, and journeying with them towards their aspiration and
dream of God’s promise of peace and justice.
Chandiwana Tawanda, Adam
Shaw and Miracle Osman are missionaries assigned by General Board of
Global Ministries (GBGM) to missionary service in Mindanao.
In February of 2018,
Tawanda and Adam Shaw were part of an international fact-finding
team looking into human rights issues in the Mindanao. They were
aboard a truck that was stopped by police at a checkpoint in
Barangay (village) Palian in Tupitown, South Cotabato. Their
passports and immigration cards were seized by police and they were
detained temporarily, but later released.
Tawanda was arrested and
detained on May 9, 2018 in Davao City and later transferred to the
Bureau of Immigration Warden Facility (BIWF) in Bicutan, Taguig City
on June 4, 2018. While Tawanda has “no derogatory record” according
to stamps on immigration papers, he is reported to be the subject of
the “Watch List Order.” Tawanda’s detention is excessive, as he has
been in detention for seven weeks already.
Also wholly unacceptable
is the treatment of Adam Shaw, who was issued an Order to Leave (OTL)
due to alleged violation of his missionary visa provisions, when he
participated in the International Solidarity Mission. Defending and
upholding human rights is an honourable action for any persons –
all-the-moreso for a missionary – wherever and whenever in the
world. Shaw participated in a mission to look into reports of human
rights abuses. As a missionary and a Christian, he is guided by a
faith imperative requiring him to uphold the rights and dignity of
human beings and communities. The parable of the Good Samaritan
demonstrated the universality of compassion, care and the upholding
of human rights.
What happened to Miracle
Osman was a deliberate and hostile violation of her right as a
missionary and a foreign national: her passport was confiscated by
the Bureau of Immigration. She is also now said to be the subject of
a “Watch List Order.”
We find all these
incidents of harassment exacted on foreign missionaries who have
faithfully tried to integrate themselves with those seeking justice
and respect of their human rights, as morally unjustified and
ethically questionable. Theirs has been a humble expression of
solidarity with the poor and marginalized.
As the church sends people
to different parts of the world, a powerful message of being light
for the world and salt of the earth is affirmed. Aiming to build and
nurture a global community founded in understanding for one another
and respect for human rights, missionaries like Tawanda, Adam and
Miracle have simply sought to help build peace based on justice in
the areas where they are assigned, while also nurturing a global
community and solidarity network committed to working to create a
We remind President
Duterte to stop attacking God, whom he does not see, and to stop
attacking missionaries, most particularly those whose good works for
the poor and marginalized are evident. Missionaries are not perfect
individuals, but they have committed their lives to service to
others – any shortcomings can be nurtured and remolded as they
accompany the Filipino people in their desire for a just and lasting
Stop the attacks on
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA
June 28, 2018
WITH all the toxic
environment we are having these days, especially in the area of
politics, and most especially when some political characters
recklessly comment on religious topics, to get angry is a very
likely reaction we all can have.
We just have to be wary of
our anger because as St. James already warned us in his letter,
“man’s anger does not bring about the righteousness of God.” (1,20)
We always tend to go overboard, and our anger can already go beyond
the scope of charity and righteousness.
Let’s never forget that we
have a wounded condition here in our earthly life. We may appear
strong and clearly endowed with powerful talents and resources, but
all these good things can blind and intoxicate us also and can
plunge us into a very subtle form of pride, vanity, arrogance and
We can feel that we have
all the truth and fairness in our side, but just the same all that
can still be held outside of charity. And let’s remember that
charity is the fullness of knowledge, truth, justice. Where there is
no charity, the charity of God, all the other virtues can at best be
only apparent. They can look and feel like virtues, but in reality
While we can try to
reflect God’s anger on certain occasions in our own brand of anger
over some issues, we should be most careful, because with our
wounded condition, we can easily fall into hatred and other forms of
lack of charity.
Yes, anger is one of our
God-given emotions, locked into our nature as persons. It has its
legitimate use. But precisely because of our precarious human
condition here on earth, we have to be wary of it. In fact, anger is
also considered one of the capital sins, along with pride, envy,
greed, lust, gluttony, sloth, that can beget many other sins.
If ever we have to be
angry, let’s try our best to be angry in the spirit of Christ who
showed anger over the self-righteous Pharisees and scribes, and over
those who turned the temple into a market place. Christ’s anger is
what is called righteous anger, one that is done always in charity
and in the truth, and not just due to opinions and biases. It’s an
anger that is meant to correct, purify, heal.
Besides, Christ’s anger is
only momentary. It does not last long. As a psalm would put it, “his
anger lasts only a moment, but his favor lasts a lifetime. Weeping
may stay for the night, but rejoicing comes in the morning.” (30,5)
He is slow to anger, and quick to forgive.
Again, St. James tells us
that “everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to
become angry.” (1,19) And a proverb warns us that “a hot-tempered
man stirs up strife, but a slow to anger calms a dispute.” (15,18)
We really have to learn
how to hold our horses, especially when we feel provoked or incited.
We have to lengthen our patience, our capacity to suffer. We have to
broaden our mind so we can we can quickly and easily capture the
more important things in a given issue rather than react immediately
to things that are only incidental to that issue.
It’s always good to have a
pro-active attitude in this regard, that is, that we always think
well of everyone even if there are differences among us. We should
not wait for everyone to prove that they deserve our good
consideration. We give it at the start, and keep it all the way, in
spite of some conflicts.
We have to turn those
moments when we are tempted to get angry to deepen our love for
others out of our love for God.
Lies and filth
are no conversation
BASIL FERNANDO & AVINASH PANDEY
June 8, 2018
The world has seen a lot
of debate over falsehood being spread in the name of facts recently.
This, though, is not a chance encounter. There is a very definite
method in this madness. Lowering the quality of the conversation has
always been a very well working mean of creating an environment of
instability and violence.
20th century is full of
such experiences in which deliberate degeneration of language and
lowering of the quality of the social and political conversations
was used as a method of garnering support for organisations creating
anarchy, instability and violence. Bertolt Brecht, the great German
playwright, once said that it is the (television) antenna that
brings the violence to every doorstep.
Now the sophistication in
means of the communication has gone far beyond that period of the
antenna. Today people having mobile phones and other equipment can
participate in debates all around the world even while sitting
within the space of one room. Yet, if the quality of these
conversations is allowed to degenerate and the kind of conversation
that usually belong to the criminal and mafia elements in the
society is allowed to become the common language experience of the
people; the kind of chaos that would arise could be far worse than
anything humankind has seen so far. It might in fact be worse than
the worst days of conflict in the 20th century.
Benito Mussolini, Adolf
Hitler and Joseph Stalin were all masters of the manipulation of the
language in order to create the confusion that they could exploit to
achieve their own ends. The kind of lowering of a language was not a
result of some natural causes. It was a deliberate work in which
political leaders employed highly educated people with the best
communication systems of the times. They would relentlessly do
things by which meaning of every known word would be put into doubt,
every known idea of decency would also be relegated into something
of insignificance and every attempt to raise the consequence to
higher rational level would be resisted by thousands of means and
the conversation. It all was done to pull the conversation down to
the level at which these leaders wants the society to engage in the
Let us clear that we are
not merely talking about lies even as lies, of course, play a big
role in any attempt of lowering of the quality of the conversations.
However, what often appeared in the society was not so much a direct
cause for violence. The violence was rather facilitated by the kind
of the statements that create considerable doubts about the validity
of the ideas that humanity has held as valid for very many
centuries. Lowering of quality of the conversation is essentially
challenging the collective wisdom of the humanity by irrational
means. It was done by investing overwhelmingly into particular
channels of (mis)information and then making all these outlets
create confusion. It was not aimed at bringing any positive results
for anyone, not even the people in whose name such chaos was created
and who, in turn, were directly involved. Sole purpose of such
efforts was to bring about so much of dissention and conflict within
the society that ultimately rational conversation itself becomes
almost impossible to pursue.
The gigantic leap in the
means of communication has made such efforts far easier and common
place nowadays. Now people do not need governments and massive funds
to spread falsehoods, they can do it even from within their
bedrooms, all by themselves.
The triumph of Donald
Trump in the American politics is an indication of the extent to
which the lowering the level of conversation can affect politics. It
successfully altered the political landscape of the United States
itself. The vocabulary of politics in the U.S before trump basically
followed the liberal democratic framework, basically a civil
engagement even if there were differences of opinion. It was the
normal characteristic of the Democratic Party and also to the some
extent of the Republicans. It was directed mostly towards the
middles classes and particularly more educated section of the middle
class. The basic assumption was that these middles classes and their
more educated sections in particular ultimately determine the
outcome of the elections.
However, Donald Trump
abandoned that whole methodology and began to speak to the people
who were normally outside the political discourse. He targeted in
particular the poor among Whites, the unemployed youth, the lesser
paid sections of workers and so on- basically those who were
hitherto not taken seriously in the political discourse in the
In order to appeal to
them, he chose language and political strategies which did not play
much emphasis on truth. Whether he told the truth or if he even
wanted to tell the truth in the first place became relevant. Whether
the promises he was making could be fulfilled or if he even intended
to fulfill at all was also irrelevant to this strategy. Only thing
relevant was that a new language was being spoken to new people
engaged in political conversation. These ‘new people’ engaged in
political conversation had changed the very site of political
discourse. They virtually brought down the old vocal political
groups and silenced them. All this while, new conversations took
place among a larger body of people, conversations which were not
meant to reveal the truth or what is really going on or what would
be there in future. Truth was dispensable for this conversation.
What really mattered was having a language that appealed to those
who lived at the margins of the site of political discourse. The
chaos it caused is evident today.
Similar situation arose
also in the United Kingdom in terms of Brexit and other issues in
which truth has hardly, if any, role to play. We can see again that
new groups are doing all they can to create newer and newer methods
of diverting the political debate into matters which are not really
significant but have mass appeal. The attack on the Labour leader
Jeremy Corbyn on the issue of alleged anti-Semitism was one such
conversation. Most of what was said against him hardly had any
truth. However, it did have the emotional content capable of
creating a massive conversation in which large bodies of people
engaged in, mostly against him.
Closer in Asia, India had
its Trump moment much before he got elected to US presidency. The
tale of Narendra Modi’s rise to power is in fact also an account of
both- lowering the level of conversation and rise of fake news and
views. Mr. Modi himself indulged in using language insinuating
insults for communities and people. He always referred to Congress
government as Delhi Sultanate- a clear insinuation to erstwhile
Muslim rulers of India. His supporters also spread other falsities
relentless, to the extent that he is often referred to as a WhatsApp
What is common to these
three examples is that other than ever increasing fake news and
language getting filthier by the day, nothing else was delivered to
people in any of them. The jobs promised are nowhere to be seen. The
peace is illusive. The economies daydreamed into rapid growth are
still moribund. The people are still what they are- discontent and
Thus, in understanding as
well as dealing with the political crises in our times, it is
essential to look into the deliberate modes by which language
degeneration and lowering of the conversation has become a highly
specialized subject in almost every country. It is only way ahead
for seeing futuristically into what positive changes could be
Say NO to
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
June 5, 2018
LET’S be clear about this.
We obviously are entitled to our rights but we should not feel
entitled to privileges and favors that are above our rights and
needs. If they come and we cannot avoid them, then let’s be
But let’s be reminded that
these privileges, favors and blessings are meant for us to
strengthen our desire to serve and not to be served. But as it is,
we should try to avoid them, since they tend only to spoil and
We have to be most wary
when we happen to enjoy some privileged positions or status in life
because we tend to think that we deserve more entitlements. And not
only would we expect them. We may even demand them for us.
That gospel episode where
the two brother-apostles, James and John, asked Christ that they be
seated one on his right and the other on his left in the Kingdom,
reminds us of this point. (cfr Mk 10,32-45) These two brothers were
already close to Christ, but they were not contented with that. They
This, sad to say, seems to
be a common phenomenon these days. It can affect everyone, of
course, but it especially affects the young ones who appear to be
more privileged than those in the previous generations because of
the many new things they are learning and enjoying now. And they
We should banish this
temptation as soon as it makes its appearance felt in us. On the
contrary, we should follow the example of Christ who, in spite of
who he is, just wanted to serve.
In that gospel episode
cited above, he reminded his apostles that “whoever wishes to be
great among you will be your servant; whoever wishes to be first
among you will be the slave of all. For the Son of Man did not come
to be served but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for
many.” (Mk 10,43-45)
The request of the two
brothers really smelled of a brattish mind, since it was made just
after Christ talked about his impending death on the cross. It was
so insensitive of them, to say the least. And they were already two
of the closest apostles of Christ!
To make his point
stronger, Christ insisted in the Last Supper that he washed the feet
of their apostles. Peter at first refused but Christ insisted, if
only to give them an example that what he did to them should be done
among themselves and everybody else. And he reassured them that they
would be blessed if they do it. (cfr. Jn 13,15-17)
Should that reassurance of
Christ to his apostles not reassure us also to do the same? We
should indeed instill in our mind and heart simply to serve and not
to be served. We should try to avoid entitlements, or the pursuit of
Remember what Christ said
once: “Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of
others to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from
your Father in heaven.” (Mt 6,1)
We need to acquire the
mentality of a servant which is actually the mentality of Christ
himself. Let us readjust our human standards to conform to what is
actually proper to us as taught and lived by Christ. We usually look
down on the status of servants. This has to change! We should be
convinced that by becoming a servant we would be making ourselves
Let’s say NO to
entitlements. Let’s just focus on how to serve God and others more
and better. This should be the motto of our life: SERVE, SERVE,
We tend to
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA
May 29, 2018
WE have to be most careful
with this tendency of ours. We like to make ourselves our own God,
defining what is good and evil, as if we were the ones who created
the universe and established the law that governs the whole of
It started with our first
parents who, in their devil-instigated illusion that by eating the
fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they by their
own selves would know what is good and evil, thought they didn’t
have to refer to God to know about what is truly good and evil.
And it has grown worse
from then on. Even if the Redeemer has already repaired the damage
caused by it, this tendency continues to hound us. That is why we
cannot exaggerate the need to be most careful with this intoxicating
tendency of ours.
This phenomenon is somehow
dramatized in that gospel parable about a man planting a vineyard
and leasing it out to tenant farmers who did not remit the proceeds
to the owner. (cfr. Mk 12,1-12) They even killed the son of the
owner who went to collect the earnings. In spite of the favor given
to them, they decided to make the vineyard their own.
The precious lesson to be
learned here is that of deep humility and gratitude. That’s because
we get easily drunk by the many good things God has given us such
that we can think that these good things can just be ours. They do
not have to be referred to the giver or owner of these good things.
In the case of our first
parents, they enjoyed tremendous privileges. They were not supposed
to die. They suffered no pain. They enjoyed complete integrity in
their own lives and harmony in their relation with the other
And even if it was told to
them clearly that while they can enjoy all things in Paradise except
to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, they
thought that at the suggestion of the devil they can do away with
that prohibition because the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of
good and evil was enticing to the eyes.
In other words, they
thought they can know on their own what is good and evil without
having to bother God. In short, they expropriated for themselves
what belongs to God.
This is what is happening
these days in many places. Abortion is now ok. Pre- and
extra-marital sex is now ok. Divorce too. Some countries have
legalized euthanasia. Pornography is now considered normal and
natural. Corruption is presumed to be standard procedure. And a
lengthening list of etceteras.
We need to recover the
right and original order of things. Everything that is true, good
and beautiful can only come from God. Outside of him, we have the
opposite no matter how convincing they may appear to be true, good
and beautiful to us.
Let’s hope that we can
make it a habit to refer whatever piece of data, information, skill,
etc. we acquire to God, using it to give glory to God and for the
good of all. This is what is called as having rectitude of
intention. Otherwise, these otherwise good things will sooner or
later fall into the play of our weaknesses and the tricks of the
devil. They will soon be used for the sake of pride, greed, lust,
This habit should be
acquired as early as possible in one’s life. Better if even in
childhood, this habit is already learned. The world would be much
better off that way, keeping itself well rooted on the source and
foundation of reality instead of drifting away to its own fantasy
From ignorance to
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
May 2, 2018
I WAS happy to read an
article recently about why we are increasingly unaware of our
ignorance and why it is a big problem. It caught my attention
because that is also my observation. In fact, in many of my columns,
I have expressed that fear at least implicitly.
The main argument of the
article is that we in our time are becoming so sure of our opinions
that they now become our convictions and our core beliefs, as if
other opinions are completely regarded as wrong.
In other words, opinions
now are considered to be absolute such that there cannot anymore be
a variety of legitimate and differing and even conflicting opinions.
A person’s opinions are now held as gospel truths.
The article went on to say
that opinions considered as gospel truths can obviously attract
like-minded people, and when they acquire a critical mass, that is
when these opinions become the absolute truths for them. That is
when ignorance of the absolute truth who is God becomes invincible
and can easily fall into arrogance.
We have to be most careful
about our opinions. We have to learn to distinguish between what
merely is an opinion that can never cover everything about a
particular issue and much less about the whole reality, and what is
a matter of absolute truth that can come only from God through our
faith, as revealed in full by Christ, and that touches on what is
truly essential in our life.
Especially these days when
we are bombarded with an increasing number of issues to tackle, a
profusion of data and information, and a growing number of means of
communication and exchanges of ideas, we need to have a good hold of
our horses so as to avoid mixing opinions with absolute and
We have to practice a
certain detachment from our opinions, no matter how strongly we feel
about them, so that we can give due attention to other opinions,
especially those that are not only different from ours but are also
opposed to ours.
In our exchanges and
discussions, let us always try to be civil and courteous. Opinions
are no absolute truths. They don’t deserve to be promoted and
defended at the expense of charity.
The usual problem we
encounter is that we tend to make our opinions the only position
that is right. This is outright wrong. We would be falling into what
St. Paul once said of those who are “ever learning but never able to
come to a knowledge of the truth.” (2 Tim 3,7) We can feel that we
have the truth because of the amount of data and information we
have, but we still would miss the point.
We have to be wary of what
looks like a common world trend now to assert our opinions to death.
And this is not only in the field of politics, but more so in the
area of faith and morals. We need to be protected from the subtle
and silent osmotic effect that this trend can come to us.
We have to know, for
example, how not to be quickly taken by the easy accessibility and
speed of the Internet in giving us data and information and in
sharing our views and opinions.
In this regard, we have to
strengthen our virtues of prudence and tact. But, alas, how many are
really thinking about these virtues today? In fact, in many talk
shows especially in the US, bashing and mudslinging have become a
standard practice. Disagreements are not anymore civil.
In homes and schools, let
us teach the young ones the true art of opinion-making and of civil
and charitable discussions. We need to teach the kids how to
distinguish between mere opinion and absolute truth, and where we
can have the former and where to find the latter.
Fr. ROY CIMAGALA,
April 26, 2018
ANOTHER form of fake
holiness mentioned in Pope Francis’ “Gaudete et exsultate” is what
is known as Pelagianism that also includes its mitigated but still
erroneous idea of holiness that is labeled as semi-Pelagianism. It
is a heretical doctrine attributed to a British theologian,
Pelagius, who lived circa 360-418 AD.
Pelagianism is the belief
that holiness can be achieved mainly if not exclusively through
man’s effort alone, with hardly any help of the divine grace. It
goes against what St. Paul said clearly that everything, especially
sanctity itself, “depends not on human will or exertion, but on God
who shows mercy.” (Rom 9,16)
Not that human will and exertion are irrelevant in the pursuit of
holiness and everything that is good and proper to us. They are, in
fact, indispensable, but only as means, as evidence and consequence
of the working of God’s grace and his mercy.
This clarification is
crucial especially nowadays when there is a lot of religious
indifference, confusion and ignorance. We may, in fact, see a lot of
people who are doing a lot of good things, but still missing the
real thing. And that’s simply because their idea of anything good is
mainly subjective rather than objective. It depends on their own
understanding of what is good rather than the good that truly comes
Due to such understanding,
the consequent actions would not be truly inspired by the love that
comes from God. They would simply come as a result of their own will
and effort. And a will and effort exercised in this way, that is,
without God’s grace and inspiration, would only be proud and vain.
It is indeed very
important that we examine closely the motives of our actions and the
source from which they spring as well as the end to which they
proceed. That’s because we can do many of what may look like good
acts but which are motivated by self-love, by pride and vanity,
rather than by the real love that comes from God alone and is lived
only with God.
A Pelagian person is
actually a very proud and vain person. He is like a wolf in sheep’s
clothing, faking holiness through his seemingly good works that may
include many acts of piety, like praying in a showy way, making a
lot of sacrifices, being active in church functions, etc.
He personifies what St.
Paul once said about the importance of charity in our lives and
about how charity can be distinguished from seemingly good works:
“If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all
knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but do not
have love, I am nothing.” (1 Cor 13,2)
A Pelagian person cannot
stand the test of true love in spite of the many good things he
appears to be doing. This truth was practically established by
Christ in that encounter he had with a rich young man. (cfr Mt
The rich young man
appeared to be doing a lot of good, to be following the
commandments. But when Christ asked for his whole heart by asking
him to sell all he had and to just follow Christ, the rich young man
went away sad.
A Pelagian person, in the
end, has his own self to love rather than God. He can be exposed to
be such when the true and ultimate demands of God’s love are made on
him. Before this, he somehow can be known when problems,
difficulties, mistakes and failures he can experience in his life
would make him angry and frustrated, rather than willing to suffer.
Indeed, it’s time that we
examine ourselves closely to see if traces of Pelagianism, so subtle
in its ways, are marring our desire and pursuit for holiness.