PDEA wary over use
of mephentermine as shabu substitute
By Philippine Information
Agency (PIA 8)
September 19, 2012
GOVERNMENT CENTER, PALO,
Leyte – The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency
recently raised concern over the use by substance abusers and pushers,
of “mephentermine” as a potential substitute for methamphetamine
PDEA Region 8 Director
Julius Navales quoted PDEA Director General Undersecretary Jose S.
Guttierrez, Jr., who said that mephentermine is a stimulant and has
similar effects and characteristics with that of shabu but that it is
by far cheaper.
However, it is not included
in the list of dangerous drugs under Republic Act 9165, or the
Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002.
Large doses of mephentermine
may affect the brain’s central nervous system and can increase blood
pressure and cardiac output, Director Navales said.
A brief research showed that
"mephentermine is a cardiac stimulant. It was formerly used in nasal
decongestant inhalers and before that as a stimulant in psychiatry. It
has been used as a treatment for hypo-tension. Among the mephentermine
adverse reactions are drowsiness, incoherence, hallucinations,
convulsions, tachycardia, fear, anxiety, restlessness, tremor,
insomnia, confusion, irritability and psychosis, nausea, vomiting,
reduced appetite, urinary retention, dyspnoea, weakness."
Although the central
stimulant effects of the drug are much less than those of amphetamine,
its use may lead to amphetamine-type dependence, the PDEA Director
Furthermore, the PDEA
disclosed that pushers also use mephentermine in their illicit trade
in order to mislead authorities into thinking that illegal drugs
purchased from them during buy-bust operations were indeed shabu,
considering that mephentermine is similar in physical attributes with
Moreover, Director Navales
informed that PDEA has already lobbied and sought proper
representations with the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) to include
mephentermine in the list of dangerous substances.
has already made proper representations with the DDB stressing that
this has to be done immediately because arrested offenders using the
drug have gone scot-free since mephentermine is not an illegal drug,”
Director Navales concluded.