The President's State of
the Nation Address (SONA 2005)
July 25, 2005
Every year, we meet on this day in this great hall to celebrate democracy
and take stock of the nation: the country and its condition; the
government and its performance; the people and their well-being.
Ours is a country divided; the story of our nation is a tale of two
Philippines; Almost, as
it were, two countries under the same name.
One is the Philippines
whose economy, after long years of cumulative national endeavor, is now
poised for take off. The other is the Philippines whose political system,
after equally long years of degeneration, has become a hindrance to
As a country on the verge of take-off, our storyline would surprise many
at home and abroad. The story includes an economy that grew more than 6
percent last year and that has continued
to work in the teeth of the biggest oil price hikes in history, while
generating four million jobs in the last four years.
The story includes marked improvements in tax collections, infrastructure
housing construction, shelter, security for the urban poor and indigenous
peoples, and rice productivity.
The story includes 69 million beneficiaries of health care insurance,
including 30 million indigents, whose re-enrollment started early this
year and is still ongoing.
That same story, over four years, saw the drug menace cut in half, the
rash of kidnappings become a thing of the past, and insurgency in the
This story should work itself out as one about an economy as resilient and
full of potential as its people are patient and hardworking, guided by a
government--with the executive and the legislative hand-in-hand--that is
able to pass a no-nonsense budget and make the tough decisions to put our
fiscal house in order.
I specially refer to our recent titanic struggle to enact the three laws
that comprised the biggest fiscal package in our history, the biggest
revenue increase in a generation that will break the vicious cycle of
financing development by borrowing and having to borrow again just to
service those loans. This is the one reform that will snap the chain that
has bound our future to a profligate past and the debt-burdened present.
The Filipino's strong sense of family has given Congress a stronger
resolve not to pass on today's debt, and bankrupt our children and
grandchildren tomorrow. That struggle has done the House and the Senate
great honor. Congratulations.
Abroad, the story continues. We’ve worked long and hard to restore our
country to the prominent place it once held as co-founder of the United
Nations and the Free World's first line of defense in the East. We won a
seat in the UN Security Council, where we presided over the landmark
resolution calling for democracy in
The Philippines chaired the historic conference on interfaith cooperation
for peace at the UN, the fruit of a bold and creative initiative by your
Speaker of the House.
We head the APEC anti-terrorism task force. Our victories in the war on
terror have been acknowledged by no less than president Bush before the US
National Defense University. The Jemaah Islamiyah and the Abu Sayyaf can
only pick up the pieces of its broken backbone in
We’ve worked with the Organization of the Islamic Conference to forge
peace with our Muslim brothers. Eighty percent of our peace talks with
them have been completed. Permanent peace in
Mindanao is within reach.
Indeed, our story as a country on the verge of take off is real. Analysts
need only to look at our stock market, and even the peso-dollar exchange
rate, to sense the strong anticipation of significant improvements, if
only we would overcome the tendency to be our own worst enemy.
Thus, with investors both here and abroad in mind, I invite you all to
join me in sending them a strong message from this great hall: We will not
waver in our commitment to economic reform and fiscal discipline, whatever
the political cost.
The other message to send is that we will address the burden that the
other Philippine story imposes on our anticipated take-off. I refer to the
story of how our political system has now become a hindrance to our
Over the years, our political system has degenerated to the extent that it
is difficult for anyone to make any headway yet keep his hands clean. To
be sure, the system is still capable of achieving great reforms. But, by
and large, our political system has betrayed its promise to each new
generation of Filipinos, not a few of whom are voting with their feet,
going abroad and leaving that system behind.
Perhaps we politicians have done our best; But maybe our best is not
enough, given the present system. Perhaps we have strained the present
political system to its final limit.
It is time to turn to the people, bring them into government -- and change
the way that government is done.
The people want government that works for them at every level. They want
good government that begins at their doorstep in the barangay
[village-ed], and does not end before the closed door of a bureaucrat in
The system clearly needs fundamental change, and the sooner the better.
It's time to start the great debate on charter change.
We must address such questions as how much more government is needed for
the greater safety and economic security of our people, and how much less
government is more conducive to free enterprise and economic progress.
The mode of Charter change is the exclusive prerogative of Congress. But a
constituent assembly may well give our people the quickest reforms.
I shall work with Congress, civil society groups and local government
executives who are convinced that Charter changes are needed to enable the
country to surmount the unprecedented challenges of the 21st century.
I take this opportunity to acknowledge the local government executives who
have brought about an LGU power revolution through transformative
The economic progress and social stability of the provinces, along with
the increasing self-reliance and efficiency of political developments and
public services there, make a compelling case for federalism.
Perhaps it's time to take the power from the center to the countryside
that feeds it.
I recognize that our form of government will be the decision of the body
constituted to undertake Charter change. But we should consider that
legislation could be quickened and laws made more responsive to the people
under a parliamentary system, similar to that of our progressive neighbors
in the region.
But even as we make a serious start in Charter change, I hope we can still
work together on other initiatives to the lasting benefit of our people.
In the area of education, we've spent our increased resources on better
trained teachers in more classrooms, teaching students in more effective
ways. We’ve laid a strong foundation by building almost 30,000 classrooms
in the past four years, providing computer access to more than 3,000 high
schools, and beginning a "healthy start" breakfast program for our young
I ask Congress to pass the Pre-Need Code to rehabilitate, reform and
regulate the pre-need educational programs that worked so well in the past
as a major vehicle for youth education entitlement.
College education is the great Filipino dream. But in a world of rapid
technological change, getting a job or keeping it depends as much on how
well one reasons as how well one uses his hands. I have issued E.O. 358 so
that hours spent in vocational training can be credited towards a college
degree. That will combine job readiness with the dream of a college
education while increasing the competitiveness of our nation.
But our competitiveness is greatly endangered today by the global oil
crisis. I call on Congress to pass legislation encouraging renewable and
In the area of national security, I urge the swift passage of an
anti-terrorism law that will protect rather than subvert, enhance rather
than weaken, the rights and liberties that terrorism precisely threatens
These examples serve to highlight that there is much work to be done.
Now is not the time for divisiveness, and while there's no avoiding
partisan politics, there can be a determined effort by all sides to limit
the collateral damage on a country poised for take-off.
Let’s call on the Lord. Let us ask Him for the grace to make us worthy of
His healing our land.
Alam kong tayong lahat ay naghahangad ng isang makabuluhang pagbabago para
sa ating bayan. Tayong lahat ay nagsisikap para matamo ang kapayapaan at
kaunlaran. Kung kaya't ako'y nakikiusap na tulungan ninyo ako, para sa
kapakanan ng taong bayan.
We may disagree among ourselves but let us never lose sight of that
greater battle for one people, one country, one
Not the country of this or that president but the Philippines of our
shared and passionate affections.
Maraming salamat sa inyong lahat.
PGMA's Speech during the 60th Anniversary of the
Leyte Gulf Landing
PGMA 's SONA 2004
radio address, January 3, 2004
President's radio address, December 27, 2003
President's radio address,
December 6, 2003
President Bush's speech during the Joint Session of
PGMA's SONA 2003