Insights and opinions from our contributors on the current issues happening in the region

insight 34

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Bias for Life vs. Demands of (National) Security?

Let us continue our march for progress

The story of Samar congressman-elect Doloy Coquilla

Economic gains do not justify strength of democracy

An Initial Statement of the UN Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial killings

Condemnation on the brutal assassination of Prof. Jose Ma. B. Cui of COURAGE-NS

Never trust a communist!

Bunang and the Pulahanes

Tabang Palo

An Experiment in Happiness




CCJP calls for immediate release of Ka Randy

A Press Statement by Concerned Citizens For Justice And Peace (CCJP) Metro Tacloban
February 4, 2008

The Concerned Citizens for Justice and Peace (CCJP) condemns the arrest of Randall "Ka Randy" Echanis, deputy secretary general of Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas and who is currently detained at Leyte Provincial Jail charged with multiple murders.

The arrest and detention of Echanis is analogous to the made-up crimes charged on Bayan Muna Rep. Satur Ocampo who is accused as the mastermind of the alleged mass graves discovered in Leyte and has been charged of rebellion case, which has long been junked by the Supreme Court. The multiple murder case indicted on Echanis does not however coincide with the circumstances since during the time the alleged murders were perpetrated, Echanis is spending time in prison on charges of rebellion.

CCJP views this as another desperate attempt of the Arroyo regime and her mercenary executor, the Armed Forces of the Philippines to further curtail the legal national democratic movement in its advancement of the people's rights and interests. The continuing assaults on legal mass organizations effortlessly unmask the terror of Arroyo's anti-insurgency campaign, Oplan Bantay Laya 2, that in the surface of peace and socio-economic reforms apparently targets the members of progressive organizations and resulted to incremental cases of human rights violations.

CCJP supports the Free Ka Randy Movement and demands his immediate release. We further call for the Filipino people to continue the struggle in advancing our civil liberties and defending our basic human rights.

CCJP Metro Tacloban is a national democratic mass organization advocating class-based human rights and the promotion of justice and peace. CCJP is a base organization of Katungod-SB-Karapatan.


Reference: Flor Chantal C. Eco, Secretary General, CCJP (phone: 09294860589)





The need to intensify campaign vs. trafficking in person in Eastern Visayas

By Philippine Information Agency (PIA 8)
January 21, 2008

The apprehension that led to the putting in jail of two foreign nationals on allegations of violations of the Anti-Trafficking Law, should serve as an eye opener on the need to intensify the campaign against violators of the Anti-Trafficking Law in Tacloban and in other parts of Eastern Visayas.

When apprehended, the two foreigners allegedly refused to identify themselves and even shouted invectives on the government workers who were interrogating them.

They claimed that the minor girls they were with were their fiancées and that they were in the area to marry them. When interviewed however, the young girls confessed that they didn’t know who the foreigners were and that they went with them with the promise of payment.

Eastern Visayas and the Philippines as a whole, because of its strategic location is a source, transit and destination for human trafficking. The number of Philippine and foreign child victims in the Philippines range from 20,000 to 100,000. Foreign tourists sexually exploit women and children in the Philippines.

The Philippines has internal trafficking of women and children from rural areas, particularly the Visayas and Mindanao, to urban areas, such as Metro Manila and Cebu, for sexual exploitation or forced labor as domestic workers, factory workers, or in the drug trade.

The Philippine government is currently engaged in 107 prosecutions for trafficking. A court in Zamboanga City sentenced a member of a trafficking syndicate to life imprisonment in March 2007 for having recruited six victims and selling them to a brothel in Malaysia.

In 2006, five foreign tourists were arrested by Filipino police for sexually exploiting Filipino children. The Philippines continued to assist U.S. law enforcement authorities in the transfer to U.S. custody of Americans who sexually exploited children.

While tourists are welcome in the Region as it will be good to tourism statistics, no one should allow these tourists to victimize young children and women of the area.

Indeed, there should be greater efforts to combat internal trafficking by increasing public awareness on Trafficking in Persons. People should know how they become victims of human trafficking.

There is also a need to strengthen vigilance on violators and to vigorously prosecute the same so that they will no longer be able to victimize other innocent victims.





Killings leave deeply entrenched fear and distrust

A Statement by the Asian Human Rights Commission
January 9, 2008

At the height of the escalating incidents of the murder of activists, there was strong condemnation, both within and outside the country that forced the government to do something to stop the killing. Now that the number of killings has declined, condemnation has also decreased and discussion into finding reasonable remedies and redress for the victims had waned. It has even prompted the government to take the credit for the decline in the number of killings as proof of the improved human rights conditions in the country. Whether the government's action or international pressure had contributed to the reduction in the number of deaths and enforced disappearance, the reality remains that, for the main part, none of those responsible have been identified or convicted. Their continued anonymity and immunity remain a continuing threat to lives of the activist. It leaves a deep psychological effect, fear and trauma, not only in the activists but in every Filipino of the extent of their insecurity.

People fear to go outside in public places as gunmen riding on motorcycle might, and have in the past killed them, there is fear for complainants to pursue cases in court, for witnesses to testify in court because they might be targeted, there is fear of getting involved with any investigating body; in short, fear has become a way of life in the Philippines. Now, a threatening call or message from a mobile phone from unknown person is enough to frighten anyone, particularly those facing threats.

Not even the claims of the police of having obtained two cases of convictions of perpetrators of killings could convince any activists, the victims' relatives and witnesses that the condition has improved. This was not sufficient enough to ease the deeply entrenched fear and tension in the aftermath of the targeted large scale extrajudicial killings. The loss of faith and distrust remains deeply rooted towards the police and military because of their continued inability to identify, ensure conviction and hold to account those responsible and this is particularly so with the security forces. Though some of the police and soldiers were charged, they were later either exonerated or had their case dismissed because of the poor investigations carried out by the police.

The perpetrators, whether or not they are elements of the security forces, have continued to enjoy immunity. At the height of the killings, the people and groups concerned invested their time and energy in campaigning to stop the killings. Rather than work to reduce the number of killings and finding and prosecuting the perpetrators, the government has instead invested its resources in denial and counter criticisms. It is disappointing but not surprising. Any government would exhaust all means to defend its record. However, over time, the government of the Philippines has either rejected or dismissed the validity of the number of deaths. Sadly they have clearly missed the point; be it 100 or over 800, no one has been held to account. The state has never given a plausible explanation for this failure.

The government has, in fact, found ways to conveniently excuse their actions and to defend its record. They use the concept that they are not perceived to be so bad when compared to other countries. They use the fact that they were voted for election to the UN Human Rights Council as recognition for supposedly protecting human rights. However all this has been a superficial victory of downplaying the extent and gravity of the problem. Unfortunately, what is really speaks of is the government’s indifference to the problem is born out of the lack of knowledge of the real suffering of the people.

The police invest most of its time explaining that the number of death should be around 100 rather than what has so far been claimed by local groups. Their debates over the number of deaths even went on as far as defining these murders as "unexplained killings" to which they preferred rather that "extrajudicial killings". By defining these murders as unexplained it obviously reduces its responsibility and gives them a convenient excuse for their continued inability and incompetence. Regardless of the numbers, there is no denying that they could not even ensure a conviction higher that than two. An unlikely attempt for a State claiming to adhere the notion of human rights to suppress international outcry by way of using statistics and superficial methods of indicators. It has not even improved its misleading definition of solved cases by ensuring conviction or giving adequate remedies to victims than merely filing a case with the prosecutor's office.

The practice has been that when a prosecutor recommends the filing of a case, presented by the police, in court, regardless of whether it ever goes to trial, as far as the police are concerned the case is solve. It explains the high number of cases filed in court but the possibility of these perpetrators ever being convicted is petty.

Over the years, the government's action has been tantamount to indirect refusal to take responsibility for these murders. The long standing condition of the lack of security and protection and the impossibility of prosecuting perpetrators remains, regardless of the decline in the number of killings. The discussion on finding any reasonable solution to this has also not moved from debating over numbers and blaming who's responsible.

The government's state of denial mutated from the complicity of the security forces for these murders towards their obvious inability to hold the perpetrators to account and ensure protection and security to their citizens. The practical problem within the justice institution, the police, prosecution and the judiciary, have since been obviously denied. Why do cases not progress in court? Why do victims and complainants refuse to file complaints? Why are the victims not able to obtain any protection, remedies and redress? Why do the perpetrators remain unknown and assured of complete impunity?

The inability and failure of these justice institutions to function and to carry out the duties expected of them must be given more attention to add meaning to the ongoing discussion. Unless these basic problems are given adequate action there is hardly anything that can be done in finding reasonable and long term solutions. Otherwise, recurrence of the phenomenon of large scale murders and enforced disappearance remains inevitable.





Undeclared Martial Law in Eastern Visayas

Statement of KATUNGOD-SB-KARAPATAN for International Human Rights Day 2007
December 10, 2007

A glaring 139 cases of human rights violations affecting 5,486 individuals, 916 families, and 12 communities, was recorded by the Regional Human Rights Alliance, KATUNGOD-SB-KARAPATAN just for year 2007 alone.  The full blow of Oplan Bantay Laya II was felt both by the legal mass movement in the urban areas and the broad masses in the countryside.

The number one perpetrator of these recorded human rights violations is the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

Seven farmers died on the spot including the baby inside the womb of Alma Bartoline when they were massacred by the elements of the 19th IB PA at Brgy. San Agustin Palo, Leyte. Two years after the incident justice seems to be far from them when their countercharges were dismissed for lack of merit. If only the dead could speak how they were violated, how they were mercilessly peppered with bullets by the military while some of them were still asleep. The victims were the ones who were put in jail while the murderers go scott-free under the loving arms of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. We had witnessed how cases against them were filed in court overnight while their counter-charges were decided after a year of filing only to be dismissed.

Justice delayed, is justice denied!  No single case of extra-judicial killings committed in the region had been given justice as of this very moment.

Students of Prof. Jose Ma. B. Cui could still clearly picture in their minds how a gunman shot their professor on his back and on his head while he was inside his classroom giving midterm examinations. Prof. Cui was a very vocal critic of this rotten administration and a human rights defender. The military have long belied his name, accusing him of being a member of the NPA. He was constantly been harassed by the military up to the point that he was charged with libel.  Not discounting the horrific ordeal by families of human rights defender Reverend Edison Lapuz and human rights pro bono lawyer Attorney Fidelito Dacut and the rest of militant activists whose only sin was to fight the right of the common tao.

If only the fields in the countryside could speak, they will tell you of how the houses of the farmers were burned by the soldiers from the 62nd IB PA in Sitio Ogbok, Barangay Villa Aurora, Basey, Samar and Barangay Sinalangtan, Calbiga, Samar leaving the farmers without anything except the dress they were wearing.

The whole 3rd District of Leyte is howling with so much human rights violations courtesy of the massacre battalion, the 19th IB. A farmer in Tabango, Leyte was forced to admit that he had a gun only to escape from the cellophane being covered on his face and from the dirty toilet bowl on which his face is being dipped.

The 19th IB and the 802nd Infantry Brigade were arrogantly declaring that they have cleared the insurgency in Leyte only to find out in reality that the marks of their operations left the farmers with bruises on their body, bullets on their head, and constant fear on their hearts and mind in contrary to their claim for “winning the hearts and minds of the people.”

The unborn child of Juliet Fernandez is shouting in all its might for the people to hear her call for freedom, freedom for her mother and father who are until now in the custody of the 62nd IB PA.

Even the children as young as one year old were not spared by the military. They were arrested and detained with their parents inside the 62nd IB PA Headquarters under Lt. Col. Jonathan Ponce. The children of Dominador Doque and Divina Belanigue were the witnesses on how their parents continue to suffer and continue to languish inside the military camp.

How arrogantly Col. Francis Lanuza expressed over the media when he assumed as the Brigade Commander of the 801st Infantry Brigade that he would not tolerate cases of human rights violations perpetrated by his soldiers when these violations are happening right under his nose, and maybe on his command.

The irony of being a soldier who had sworn in to protect the people and the sovereignty are very much visible as these cases of glaring human rights violations continue to happen and escalate.

As we commemorate today the International Human Rights Day, we, in the Regional Human Rights Alliance calls on all human rights defenders and advocates to continue on the struggle for a class-based human rights. It is now the right time for us to be one in our quest for justice. Let us unite, let us fight, and let us join hands in toppling this fascist regime.

We call on all victims of human rights violations to bravely speak of their horrible ordeal in the hands of the military. Do not be afraid to speak out because silence is not a guarantee that your human rights will not be further violated. Stand for your rights and stand for those who are still afraid to speak up. Even if our human rights are written on the Constitution, they are not freely given to us; we have to fight for it.

We call upon the church to heed your call for the preferential option to the poor. Open your churches and your hearts to the victims of human rights violations who shall knock and who are knocking upon your door for sanctuary and for help. Let us join hands in upholding the cause of the Lord in helping the poor and the oppressed.

We call upon the civil society to be vigilant. We have to seek for the truth if we wanted to know the truth. We have to see things in the eyes of a farmer, a worker, a victim of human rights violation. Let us not be contented by the luxuries we have in our homes. We have to fight, to struggle, for our human rights and for the rights of those who cannot speak for themselves.

In order to give meaning to this memorable day, we have to be with the masses in their struggle for human rights.

Onwards with the struggle!

Struggle for a class-based human rights!

Atty. Kathrina R. Castillo





The Irony of the AFP’s call for observance of “Due Process”

November 26, 2007

Last November 24, 2007 the Armed Forces of the Philippines had published their official statement thru Maj. Othello Yañez on the “abduction and killing of one Elizabeth Guttierez”. The AFP called on all human rights organization to conduct an investigation on the matter.  [see news article]

We, in the Regional Human Rights Alliance KATUNGOD-SB-KARAPATAN, investigates cases of human rights violations filed before our office from individuals and from cases recognized by our Provincial Chapters all over the Region. We investigate cases of human rights violations specifically those perpetrated by agents of the State who are supposedly the one protecting innocent civilians. It is on the premise that agents of the State are the ones who are considered as the duly constituted authority. Being as such, they are at all times accountable to the people and to the Constitution. Investigating cases perpetrated by non-agents of the State or of private individuals are not within our bounds such as petty crimes. There are other agencies who can properly address these cases. It is a well settled doctrine that the concept of human rights came into being in order to protect individuals from the powerful hands of the State. Human rights organizations such as our Alliance are bound by these principles.

We don’t have the legal standing to question the CPP or the NPA or the NDF since they are not operating within the bounds of the Philippine law. Since they have already admitted the killing, it is now the duty of our law enforcement agents to do their job.

At this point, allow me to discuss some points pressed by Maj. Yañez in his official statement.

1. going back to the statement made by the AFP, they did not specifically deny the allegations of the Spokesperson of the National Democratic Front, Fr. Santiago Salas, that Elizabeth Guttierez was a spy. Considering her as such, as provided for by the International Laws, a spy is not considered as a civilian and is considered as playing an active role in armed conflict and is subject for punishment upon being unveiled.

2. on the allegations that her execution was not made with “due process”, we must first situate ourselves on who’s “due process”? The Communist Party with the New People’s Army have been waging war for decades already. They have what they call their territory, own government, and people. It is rather safe for us to assume that they also have their own laws and with it the observance of “due process”.

Since the AFP have “opened” the argument on “due process”, it is ironic that they are able use the term easily. How dare them talk about “due process” when even they themselves do not observe the “due process” as provided for by our laws: the Constitution and the Rules of Court. How many poor peasants have they arrested without warrants, only on mere suspicions that they were NPA’s and without giving those that they have arrested the chance to know why they were being arrested, detained, and tortured.

How dare them talk about due process when they illegally arrested a couple in Basey, Samar with their five year old child. They (the military) tortured the couple on mere suspicion that they were members of the NPA and detained them for almost a week at the 52nd IB Battalion Headquarters. The couple were even briefed by Col. Jonathan Ponce to admit before the public that they were members of the NPA and that they have guns.

How dare them talk about due process when they tortured, illegally arrested, and detained Dominador Doque from Sitio Ogbok, Brgy. Villa Aurora, Basey, Samar and afterwards also arrested his family with his three years old and one year old children and then detained them at the Battalion Headquarters of the 62nd Infantry Battalion at Brgy. Polangi, Calbiga, Samar.

Thus, we are challenging the Armed Forces of the Philippines to observe and to religiously follow the due process that we all adhere to, the due process provided for in our Constitution. Before passing the question and before making allegations that their enemies have violated the same, they must at least make it appear that they are indeed following due process.

3. though killing is against our laws, it is commendable for the New People’s Army to admit that they had executed a person and for explaining why they committed such deed. Looking at the other side, there were many cases of extrajudicial killings obviously pointing to the elements of the military but none of those were ever admitted by them. There were about 863 cases of extrajudicial killings and none have been closed because of the continued denial of the elements of the State. As what Prof. Phillip Alston, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Killings have pointed out in his reports that “the military is in the state of total denial”.

4. lastly, the military never commented in their statement the alleged human rights violations attributed to them by the Spokesperson of the National Democratic Front: the abduction of Ina Gerellana and her family and the abduction of Juliet Fernandez and Manuel Pajarito.

Considering the turn of events in the past years, the records of human rights violations all over the Philippines is worsening and escalating, it is but our moral duty as a Human Rights Alliance to call for the resumption of the peace talks between the Government of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front so as to address this matter.

Atty. Kathrina R. Castillo





Rights group welcomes US Senate's precondition to RP aid

A Press Statement by KARAPATAN
November 6, 2007

We welcome the US Senate's decision to impose human rights-related conditions for the additional military aid to the Arroyo government. We have been urging the US Senate to rethink giving aid to the Philippine government given its failure to address extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and other forms of human rights violations.

The Arroyo regime and its state security forces continue to violate the rights of its people. To this day, cases of abduction and harassment of human rights defenders persist. Recently, two of our colleagues at the national office experienced harassment through a texted death threat to one and to another, being photographed by men riding on a motorcycle without a license plate, while on board a public jeepney. This incident not only shows blatant disregard to the rights of the people but is a more telling evidence of the blatant lie that the Philippine government has been saying to the US Senate that this administration doesn't tolerate rights violations.

The Philippine government must be made to also put a stop to the implementation of Oplan Bantay Laya II, a counter-insurgency program that is behind the continuing attacks against activists and critics of the Arroyo government.

We would like to caution the US Senate that it must thoroughly look into the alleged measures the government has been putting in place to stop the killings and other rights violations.  It is not enough that rhetorics to this effect must be the yardstick to determine that the human rights situation has changed, but as Prof. Alston correctly pointed out in his statement to the 3rd committee of the UN General Assembly, "The bottom line is that only the elimination of such killings and the ending of the impunity enjoyed to date, by the Armed Forces of the Philippines in particular, will signal that the situation has turned the corner."





The Arteches in History

August 29, 2007

The new city of Catbalogan celebrated its fiesta this year on August 24.  Dubbed as Pagduaw, it pays homage to its patron saint, the martyred apostle St. Bartholomew.  Pagduaw is a visit by Catbaloganons to its familial roots and deep religious devotion to patron saints.

This year’s hermano mayor was Perfecto Arteche who comes from the illustrious Arteche family in Catbalogan.  His celebration of this year’s fiesta is also a pagduaw to his roots as an Arteche.  The history of Catbalogan is incomplete without mentioning the galiant efforts of the Arteches in defending Catbalogan and Samar against the American invaders in the 1900s and against the Japanese invaders in the Second World War.

The brothers Don Leon Arteche and Don Pedro Arteche were members of the town’s principalia in the late 1900s.  As members of this select few, they had the privilege to vote and be voted as goberdarcillo or to other positions of the government.  Don Pedro Arteche is the great great grandfather of this year’s hermano mayor.

The brothers figured prominently in the fight for freedom in Samar island and its defense against the American invasion in 1900.  In 1898, following the discovery of a plot to oust the Spaniards in Catbalogan, several prominent Catbaloganons suspected of having ties with the Katipunan were arrested by the Spanish government.  Those arrested included Don Leon Arteche.  When the war with the Spaniards finally ended with the proclamation of the Philippine Republic by President Emilio Aguinaldo, Catbaloganons took over the reins of government from the Spaniards.  Don Leon’s son, Guillermo was appointed Teniente del Infanterias.

In January 26, 1900, American gunboats were sighted in Calbayog. General Lukban called for a meeting with prominent men of Catbalogan on what to do should the Americans arrive in Catbalogan.  They decided to burn the town and to evacuate the people in order not to give quarters to the invaders.  They also decided to disperse the Filipino forces to different outposts surrounding Catbalogan.  2nd Lt. Guillermo Arteche, now in command of the Second Artillery, was posted to the mountains in the northeast of the town.  His brother, Leopoldo also served with the revolutionary army of Lukban.

When Gen. Lukban refused to surrender to the Americans, the town of Catbalogan was bombarded and the people retreated to the mountains.  The more powerful guns of the Americans soon subdued three batteries under the commands of Lt. Guillermo Arteche and Leoncio Quiason; Lt. Eladio Cinco and Hilarion Curiano; and under Lt. Honorio Rosales and Lt. Florentino Peñaranda.

General Kobbe soon landed in Catbalogan and established his headquarters.  Catbalogan was garrisoned, parents and relatives of soldiers with the Revolutionary Forces were held hostage; and people suspected of giving aid to insurrectos were arrested, tortured or killed.  Catbaloganons were urged to return to the heavily garrisoned town.      It did not take long for General Lukban to regroup his dispersed forces. He reorganized his political-military government.  He designated Don Leon Arteche as Presidente of Catbalogan.  Guillermo and his brother Leopoldo Arteche remained with Lukban’s forces.

The Americans soon got wind of Leon Arteche’s appointment as Presidente by Lukban and Don Leon was captured by the Americans and taken to Manila where he was imprisoned at Fort Santiago.  He was later released and allowed to return to Catbalogan only to find his son Guillermo Arteche together with Cayetano Sosing and Francisco Conge taken by the Americans to Tinaogan, a barrio of Zumarraga where they were tortured to get information on Lukban’s forces.  Later, the three together with other Catbaloganons who were earlier arrested by the Americans on suspicion of giving aid to the revolutionaries (Antonio Villanueva, Alejo Maga, Catalino Alcantara, Florencio Briz, Geronimo Bello) were taken to Iloilo for imprisonment.  Guillermo was lucky enough to be released but Cayetano Sosing and Francisco Conge were executed by the Americans.

Finally, following the capture of Gen. Lukban, the remaining forces of the revolutionary army under General Claro Guevarra surrendered on April 27, 2002.  Among the officers who were the last to surrender to the Americans was Capt. Leopoldo Arteche, brother of Guillermo.

During the Second World War, members of the Arteche family bravely defended the province of Samar against Japanese aggression. When the war broke out with the Japanese, Pedro Arteche, the former Provincial Governor of Samar and former Delegate to the Constitutional Assembly and the District Representative to the National Assembly organized the Philippine Guerrilla Forces (PGF).  The western and southwestern area of Samar became the base of their operations against the Japanese.  The PGF established its headquarters in San Andres in Villareal.  Many Catbaloganons secretly supported General Arteche by supplying him with information.

The Japanese Military Chief sent letters to General Arteche for his surrender offering him peace, full amnesty and a high position in the Japanese Imperial Army of the Japanese civilian government.  On January 17, 1944, during an extensive mopping up operations of the Japanese, General Arteche and his brother Melecio Arteche were captured and taken to Tacloban and later taken to Catbalogan where the Japanese General Kawasoy organized a meeting of all Catbaloganons at the church. General Arteche was asked to speak before the people to urge them to cooperate with the Japanese.  He asked them instead, in an impassioned speech, never to surrender to the Japanese.  Catbaloganons broke into applause.  Shortly after, General Arteche mysteriously disappeared and was believed to have been secretly executed. Catbaloganons generally regard him as a martyred patriot.   His body was never found.  His cousin Luding was also executed by the Japanese.  As a tribute to the courageous sacrifice of Governor Pedro Arteche, a boulevard in Catbalogan is named after him.  During his incumbency as Governor of the island province of Samar, Governor Arteche build the Samar Justice Building, the Provincial Hospital and the Provincial Nursery.  He also built hundreds of kilometers of roads connecting the poblacion of Catbalogan to other municipalities.

Shortly after the ratification of the 1987 Constitution, the 8th Congress was convened and for the first time in our country’s history, sectoral representatives were appointed to Congress.  A member of the Arteche clan, Bartolome Arteche, a peasant leader from Samar was appointed by Pres. Cory Aquino in April 1988 to represent the peasant sector.  Thus, Bartolome Arteche became a member of the House of Representatives.

Today, the Arteches is a large clan having intermarried with the Cincos, the Tuazons, Gutierrezes, Conges, Motaks, Pacolis, Salazars, Jasminezes, Guillems, Brizs, Mendiolas,  Piczons, de los Reyeses, Astillas, Llemoses, Fortiches,  Ocampos, Cuevas, Tizons, Almeros and the Bughos (of Northern Samar), only to name a few of the families now related to the Arteches.




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